Shravasti District of Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

About Shravasti District :

Shravasti is situated in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh around 176 km off Lucknow.It is one of the main site for Buddhist pilgrimage as well and Jain Pilgrimage.

History of Shravasti teerth begins with the formation of Janpad’s by Yugadidev Shri Adishwar Prabhu. This place was the capitol city of North Kaushal Janpad. Many Jain Kings such as King Jitari, the father of third Teerthankar Shri Sambhavnath Bhagwan and others past here after Bhagwan Adinath. King Prasanjeet ruled this place at the time of Bhagwan Mahaveer. He was a loyal follower of Prabhu Veer. The main listener of Prabhu Veer King of Magadh Samrat Shrenik has wedded the sister of King Parasanjeet. This was also called by the names of Kunal Nagari and Chandrikapuri in the old days. Many Jain temples and Stoops (pillars) were present in this city. It is specified in history that greater king Samrat Ashok and his grand son King Samprati also constructed many temples and Stoops at this holy place. This teerth place is also descripting in “Brihatkalp”. Chinese traveler Fahiyan has also described this holy place in his memories of traveling India during 5th century BC. One more Chinese traveler during 7th century BC, Hun-Yen-Sang, has described this place as Jet van Monastery. Later this was called as Manikapuri. This was ruled by King Mayurdhwaj during 900 AD, by King Hansdhwaj during 925 AD, by King Makardhwaj during 950 AD, by King Sudhavadhwaj during 975 AD and by King Suhridhwaj during 100 AD. All of them were Jain Kings belonging to Bhar Vansh. Dr. Bennet and Dr. Vincent Smith have also specified them as Jain Kings. Work done by King Suhridhwaj for strengthening religion and defending the temples in his empires from Muslim attack will always taken as a great reminder of history. He also defeated Mohamed Gazanavi. Acharya Jinprabh Surishwarji has specified this teerth as Mahith in his granth “Vividh Teerth Kalp” in 14th century of VS. During those days many Jin-home having big boundary walls, idols and Dev kulika’s were present in this city. Doors of the temple use to shut down automatically at the time of Sunset and opens in the morning. This was said to affect of Shri Manibhadra Yaksha. A Lion use to visit the temple on the occasion of annual gathering and would go only after the completion of Aarti. Allaudin Khilji and his soldiers damaged this temple. Pandit Vijaysagarji and Shri Soubhagya Vijayji have described this teerth in 18th century. Number of ancient idols and inscription were recovered after digging Sahet Mahet area near Shravasti village. These are kept in museums at Lucknow and Mathura. Archeological Department has acquired an ancient temple present near the Mahet Fort. This place is described as the birthplace of Bhagwan Sri Sambhavnath. The damaged remaining at Sahet Mahet reminds the ancient ness of this place. At present this is the only temple present at this teerth place.

At a Glance :

Name of district:Shravasti
Administrative Headquarter:Bhinga
Population:
   Male594,318
   Female520,297
   Total1,114,615
Area:1,948.20 Sq. Km.
District Map:View Map
Sex Ratio:875
Literacy rate:49.13%
Male:59.55%
Female:37.07%
Tehshil:2
Blocks:5
Naya Panchayat54
Number of villages:536
Number of Gram Panchayats:334
Main Crops:Paddy,wheat,pulses & sugarcane
Nearest Airport:Lucknow
Nearest Railway Station:Baharich
Nearest Big city:Lucknow Capital of Uttar Pradesh(165km).
Details of Villagest:View Map
Language:Hindi,Awadhi.

Tourist Places :

Sravasti :

Sravasti has been identified with the remains at Saheth-Maheth, situated on the banks of the river Rapti. It was the capital of ancient Kosala kingdom and is sacred to the Buddhists because it is here that Lord Buddha performed the greatest of his miracles to confound the Tirthika heretics. These miracles include Buddha creating multiple images of himself, which has been a favourite theme of Buddhist art. It is well-connected with good roads constructed under Buddhist-Circuit.

  • About 15km from Bahraich lies this sprawling complex of Buddhist stupas and ruins, believed to be founded by the mythological king Sravast, the town played host to Buddha for 27 years and was his annual rainy season retreat.
  • It was the capital of the ancient Koshal empire and here the Buddha showed his divine prowess to impress upon the non-believers.
  • The excellently-preserved ruins have a meditative air around them and amid them stands an ancient Bodhi Vriksh (tree).
  • The huge World Peace Bell in Sravasti established with Japanese help, is said to convey the message of humanity through its toll

Vipassana meditation centre :

This meditation centre is situated right on State Highway 26, opposite Buddha Inter College, barely a few minutes walk from the Jetavana Archaeological Park. As Jetavana is the place where the Buddha spent more time than anywhere else (24 rain retreats), this centre is highly recommended for those who wish to learn meditation, as well as the experienced meditators.

The center offers Ten-day courses, which are held twice a month. These are fully residential courses, and each course can accommodate about 50 students. Old students of this technique are welcome to attend shorter courses also, which are offered from time to time. A complete schedule of the courses, the code of discipline to be followed, and facility of online application is available at the following

Vibhuti Nath Temple :

The district Shravasti with headquarter Bhinga is situated in the northern zone of Uttar Pradesh in Himalayan range, adjacent to Nepal border. During Mahabharata period, Pandava spend twelve years in exile and one year concealed place. At the period exile they resides sometimes in this forest region called SOHALVA. At that time Bhima initiated to formed a village, so the name of village was known as Bhimgaon, later on it became BHINGA. In Himalayan range, 36 Km north form Bhimgaon, Pandva laid foundation a Shiva temple which is famous as VIBHUTI NATH. Thousands of devotee visit the temple every year. During “Sawan” millions of devotee visits the temple for offering their prayer to lord Shiva

Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary :

Destination Description Located in Shravasti, Balrampur and Gonda districts of Uttar Pradesh, Suhelwa was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1988. Occupying an area of 452 sq km, the sanctuary is covered with Sal, Sheesham, Khair, Sagaun (Teak), Asna, Jamun, Haldu, Phaldu, Dhamina, Jhingan and Bahera trees. The fauna found in the sanctuary includes Leopard, Tiger, Bear, Wildcat, Wild Boar and various birds. Sohelwa Wild Life Division is situated on the Indo-Nepal International Border. Sohelwa Wild Life Sanctuary is placed in between 27030’1″ N. to 27055’42” N. latitude & 81055’36” E. to 82048’33” E. Longitude. It is full of natural resources. It consists of dense forests with enormous wild life. Forms of natural scenery and beauty of the sanctuary has its unique place in Uttar Pradesh. At present it is one of the important place where Bhabher-Tarai Eco-System area, rich in bio diversity is visible. Sohelwa Wild Life Sanctuary came in force by the Government order No.5299/14-3-74-83 dated 14.11.1988. In the Wild Life Sanctuary there are five ranges – Tulsipur, Barahawa, Bankatwa, East Sohelwa and West Sohelwa. Its total area is 452 sq.km. With this there is 220 sq.km. Buffer zone which is divided in Bhaber and Rampur Ranges. By the Government order No.1470/14-4-2002-824/2002 dated 8.7.2002, its new name Soheldeo Wild Life Sanctuary was given. The new name was taken from the name of King Soheldeo. Adjacent to the Sanctuary area there are Shivalik Ranges of Himalaya. Above that there are dense forest, pastures in the forest areas and different water channels, related to these. In these forests the topography is uneven. There are ups and downs at place to place. Nalas of this area are very important. In rainy season they possess capacity of carrying anything with them. The Natural trail with Nalas makes the scenery of sanctuary beautiful. It is one of the most beautiful forest of Uttar Pradesh. This fact can be realized only after visiting this place. The natural peace and beauty of this sanctuary has capacity to re-energize the urbanites fatigue-ness and load of work. From the point of Eco-Tourism this place is very important.

Best time to Visit Best time to visit Sohelwa Wildlife Sanctuary is November to June.

Climate Climate conditions of the sanctuary are in between climate of Genetic plane and tarai area. Average rain falls is 1700 MM in the Month of July to September. The months of the winter season is cool and dry. Maximum Temperature is 400C minimum temperature is 40C.

Fauna Different types of mammals are found here viz. Leopard, Bear, Wolf, Hyena, Jackal, Wild Boar, Sambhar, Spotted Deer, Neelgaya, Barking Deer along with Monkeys of different types. In birds little Grebe, Indian Cormorant, Little Cormorant, Darter, Indian Pond Heron, Cattle-egret, Great-egret, Little-egret, Common Teal, Spot-Billed Duck, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Greater Spotted Eagle, Long-Billed Vulture, White Rumped Vulture, Grey Francolin, Sarus Crane, Water Cock, Common Moorhen, Purple Moorhen, Pheasant-Tailed Jacana, Bronze-Winged Jacana. In migratory birds Painted Star, Asian Openbill, Black-headed Ibis, Eurasian Spoonbill, Grey leg goose, Bar-Headed Goose etc.

Flora In this Wild Life Sanctuary the main tree species are Sal, Asna, Khair, Teak etc. With these speciese Black Sheesham, Jamun, Haldu, Faldu, Zigna, Harra, Bahera, Rohani are other important species. The Sanctuary area is very rich in medicinal plants. Some species of medicinal plants are white Musuli, Black Musuli, Piper longum, Adhatoda vasica, Tinospora cardifolia, Swertia chirayita, Holarrhoena antidysentrica, Acorus calamus, Lantana camara, Nyctanthes arbortristic, Withania somnifera, Rauvolfia serpentina, Murraya koenigii, Asparagus racemosus, Acacia concinna. Different types of Buttlerflies are also available here.

Important Natural Attractions This sanctuary with its natural endowment is a potential ecotourism sites there is 11 dams which is maintained by Irrigation dipartment.