Non-Co-operation Movement (1920) in Indian History

Non-Co-operation Movement (1920) in Indian History:

  • Non Co-operation Movement was started with the aim of the annulment of the Rowlatt Act, and correcting the ‘Punjab wrong’ changing the ‘Khilafat wrong’ as well as moving towards the cherished goal of ‘swaraj’.
  • It was the first mass based political movement under Gandhiji.
  • The movement was launched as per the resolution of Calcutta session and ratified in Nagpur session in December 1920.
  • The main emphasise of the movement was on boycott of schools, colleges, law courts and advocacy of the use of Charka.
  • The whole movement was called off on 11th February 1922 at Gandhi’s insistence following the news of burning alive of 22 English plicemen by the angry peasants at ChauriChaura (Chauri Chaura Incident) in Gorakhpur district of Up on 5th February 1922.
  • The Non Cooperation movement converted the national movement into a mass movement . It strengthened Hindu-Muslim unity.