Montegue – Chelmsford Reforms 1919 in Indian History:
- It is also known as the Government of India Act of 1919.
- In 1918, Edwin Montague, the Secretary of State and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy produced their scheme of constitutional reforms which led to the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919.
- The Provincial Legislative Councils were enlarged and the majority of their members were to be elected. The provincial government were given more powers under the system of dyarchy.
- Indian National Congress in a special session at Bombay in August 1918 criticised the reform as ‘disappointing and unsatisfactory’.
- The Montague Chelmsford reforms introduced dyarchy in the provinces.
- Provincial subjects were divided into ‘Reversed subjects’ and ‘‘Transferred Subjects’’.
- Central legislature was made bicameral by this reform.