About Mirzapur District :
According to Central Statistical organisation the district of Mirzapur had an area of 4521 km2. In 2011, Mirzapur had population of 2,496,970 of which male and female were 1,312,302 and 1,184,668 respectively. In 2001 census, Mirzapur had a population of 2,116,042 of which males were 1,115,249 and remaining 1,000,793 were females.
At a glance :
|1||Geographical Area||Sq. Km||2001||4521|
|2.1||Male||Number in ‘000||2011||1312.47|
|2.2||Female||Number in ‘000||2011||1184.50|
|2.3||Total||Number in ‘000||2011||2496.97|
|2.4||Rural||Number in ‘000||2011||2149.40|
|2.5||Urban||Number in ‘000||2011||347.57|
|2.6||SC||Number in ‘000||2011||661.03|
|2.7||ST||Number in ‘000||2011||20.23|
|3||No of Literate Person|
|3.1||Total||Number in ‘000||2011||1426.30|
|3.2||Male||Number in ‘000||2011||865.52|
|3.3||Female||Number in ‘000||2011||562.78|
|4||No of BPL Families|
|4.1||Total||Number in ‘000||2002||275.83|
|4.2||Rural||Number in ‘000||2002||187.23|
|4.3||Urban||Number in ‘000||2002||88.60|
|5||No Of Electoral Areas|
Tourist Places :
This is a large agricultural town lying in latitude 25.10 North and longitude 82.31 East,(a part of Mirzapur- cum – Vindhyachal municipal board) 11 Km. West of Mirzapur with is connected by a metalled road.The ancient town of Vindhyachal , famous in the Puranas , is said to have been included within the circuit of the ancient city of pampapura .Pampapura is supposed to have been an old Bhar city covering several Km.of area.Tradition says that this city once possessed 150 temples, all of which were destroyed by Aurangzeb.The place is celebrated as containing the shrine of the goddess Vindhyeshwari Devi , which is visited by thousands of pilgrims annually from all parts of India ,especially central and southern India.The temple ,which is built of stone is of rectangular form,sorrounded by a verandah,the whole encompassed by a flight of five steps.
The roof is flat and the pillars that support it interior chamber of it of plain and coarse workmanship.The image of the goddess is in an interior chamber of small size,the walls being constructed of large coarse stones. The head of the figure is of black stone with large eyes, the whites of which are formed of plates of burnished silver, and the feet rest on black rat .The building must be one of great antiquity .On the river front is the devighat, a fort like structure adorned with six bastions, which just out into the river and has a flight of about 80 steps . From this a long narrow paved street leads to the temple which is about 8Km.distant. The place contains post office , a police station , a pound, a dispansary and a school.
This historic place lies in latitude 25.7 North & Longitude 80.55 East , 32 Km.east of Mirzapur And is connected by rail and road. It is also connected by rail with Varanasi via. Mugalsarai in the east.Tradition asserts that Bawan Bhagwan disguishing himself as a Brahamana begged three steps of land from king Bali. His first foot-step rested upon the hill of Chunar impressing it with his foot-mark.Consequently, the hill came to be known as Chunar Adri or footstep hill. With the passage of time , the name became Chunar. In the course of time the religious significance of this place increased considerably. It is aid that Bhati Nath,brother of the half Mythical Vikramaditya of Ujjain, having embraced the habit and profession of a hermit ,selected the rock of Chunar as his place of retirement.
There is reference of Tarkeshwar Mahadev in Puran’s which is situated in the east of Vindhayachal. At present this Is in Tarkapur ward of Mirzapur.Before the temple there was a big Kund which had been dug by a jiant (Asur) named Tarak . Tarak was killed by Lord Shiva so called Tarkeshwar Mahadev.Near Kund there were several shivling . According to tradition God Vishanu dug a pond in the west of Tarkeshwar and established a temple of lord Shiva.Now it is disappear and stimulated in Ganga river. goddess Laxmi sacrificed herself here at Tarkeshwar. As per tradition Goddess Laxmi lives here in the form of another Goddess called Vaishnavi with Goddess Saraswati.
The river which flow between Mirzapur and Vindhayachal is Called Punyajala (Ojhala) . It is said about the ojhala that it is greatest in all Tirth , as Ashwamegh in all Yagya, Himalya in all mountain and truth in all Brata .The Water of this river is as holy as Ganga river. This is surrounded by Goddess Kali Temple, Maha Laxmi , Maha Sarsawati and Tarkeshwar Mahadev.
Nagkund is stand in the west of Punyajala river there are fifty twosteps around the kund. It was famous that there was so many container(Patra) in kund and when devotee prayed for his daily necessities with kund the container floated on the water level in kund itself . Devotee got and satisfied with it further they kept the container in Kund and patra dipped in kund again . It was the most importance of this kund for which it was famous. Traditionally it is called pilgrims got Akshaya punya after taking bath in the kund at Panchami of Shukla Paksha of sawan.
Devotee and pilgrims gets his desirable Sidhi after Parikrama of Maha Trikon as it is said. After visiting at temple of Vindhayavashni Devi they goes to Sankat Mochan (Mahabir) temple as well as Kalikhoh which is in south of Vindhayachal railway Station. Devotee visit at Goddess kali and worshiped they make them pious with the water of Kali Kund. They completed their Parikrama after visiting at saint Karnagiri Bawali. There are severl temples Situated of Bhairwas around the Kalikhoh, situation are such as – in the east Anand Bhairav, in west Sidhnath Bhairav , in south Kapal Bhairav and Bhairav is situated in north.The view of the visitors to get luxary like haven after visiting at Vindhayvasani temple and completed their Parikrama. Traditionaly it is famous as Maha Trikon.
The Dewaki and Basudev were prisoner’s of Kans in Mathura. Dewaki Was the sister of Kans. Kans was afraid of with the eighth son of Dewaki.Inspite of son a baby (girl) was born in place of son. Kans would have to kill him. Unfortunately baby slipped from the hand of Kans and flew in the sky and ulti mated to Kans about loss o f his kingdom. In future this baby became famous as Goddess Asthbhuja Devi. She situated at the top of the Vindhaya Mountain in Vindhayachal.
According to the tradition of Hindu Methology Bhagwan Sri Ram Chandra had done the shardh of his father king Dasrath asper direction of Rishi Basistha in Vindhaya area.First of all Bhagwan Sri Ramchandra worshiped lord Shiva and paid his dedication to Goddess Vindhayavasini Devi. After that he established a idol of lord Shiva in the west, which is famous with the name of Rameshwar so it is called Shivpur.
Sita ji dug a kund in the west of Astbhuja b Devi temple called Sita kund. Near the kund sita ji established lord shiva which became famous with the name siteshwar, in the west of Sita Kund Bhagwan Sri Ram Chandra dug a kund which named is Ram Kund.In Shivpur Laxaman Ji Established a Shivling near Rameshwar which is famous as Laxmaneshwar.
The mausoleum of khavaja Esmile Chisti is Situated in the ward of Kantit sharif . Annually ursh fair celebrated by Hindu and Muslim both. Near the mausoleum there is shrine of Mugal Kal , which is very long so called people were tall in the mugal kal. The shrine is known as Longia Pahalwan shrine.
Around Mirzapur city there is so many natural and religious sites.The Tanda water fall is about seven miles away from the city . Away from the Tanda water fall there is Khajuri Dam and Vindham fall. Vindham fall is main tained by forest department and developed as tourism place. The park and Ban Vihar constructed at fall, a care have been taken for the protection of Forest animals . Now a days Vindham fall is a attractive place for tourist. Inspite of the place in trikon parikrama thereare so many places which is Important for both pilgrimage and tourism .The natural sites of nature may seen from the top of Astabhuja Devi. In spring season the sight of nature is really very attractive which may be remember up to a long period which may not be forget . The Sita Kund , Bhairav kund ,Motia Talab ,Geruaa Talab Kali khoh , amwshwar, Ramshila are religious places and have a great importance for health.