Malda District of West Bengal at a Glance

About Malda District :

Malda is a district covering area of 3733 sq Km with Bihar and Uttar Dinajpur at North , Murshidabad at South , Bangladesh at east , and Jharkhand and Bihar at West. It shares 165.5 km international border with Bangladesh. Having a central location it is an important junction and entry point to Siliguri from South Bengal. The District is situated between the Latitude and Longitude figures of 24040’20”N to 25032’08”N and 88028’10”E to 87045’50”E respectively. The river Ganga makes its first entry in West Bengal near Manikchak of Malda. The district is divided into 2 Subdivisions, 15 Blocks and 3701 Villages. the total population of the district is 3,988,845 as per 2011 Census. There are number of places to visit at Malda which has some historical importance. The main among them are Ramkeli, Gour, Adina, Pandua, and Jagjibanpur

At a Glance :

1.Geographical Area3733 Sq Kms (As per Census 2011)
2.Geographical Location2404020N to 25032 08N

8704550E to 8802810 E.

3.No. of Subdivisions2
4.No. Of Police Stations11 { Out Post – 13 (as in ’99)}
5.No. of Municipalities2
6.No. of Blocks/Panchayat Samitis15
7.No. of Gram Panchayats146
8.No. of Gram Sansads2008
9.No. of Mouzas1814
10.No. of Villages3701
11.Population (Census 2011)

Census 2011 (Data and Map)

MaleFemaleTotal
RURAL1,768,3361,678,8493,447,185
URBAN  283,205  258,455  541,660
Total Population of the District2,051,5411,937,3043,988,845
Rural (0-6 Yrs.)    270,666    259,960  530,626
Urban ( 0-6 Yrs.)    41,674    36,740    78,414
Total ( 0-6 Yrs.)    312,340    296,700  609,040
Rural Literate  961,409  770,2681,731,677
Urban Literate    190,610    164,145  354,755
Total Literate  1,152,019  934,4132,086,432
Population as per Religion (2001 Census)HinduMuslimSikhBuddhistJainOthers & Christian
1621468163617128316429322350 & 8388
SC Population (2011 census)835,430
ST Population (2011 census)313,984
Total Main workers1,050,995
Total Cultivators219241
Total Agri  Labourers322452
Total Population in household industry98383
Other workers410919
Marginal Workers486852
Non-workers2450998
12.General Education (2012)
No. of Primary Schools:1888
No. of Middle/Junior H. School112 ( Including New Setup 105)
No. of Secondary Schools137
No. of Higher Secondary/Multipurpose Schools:119
No of MadrashahSchool:12
No of Junior MadrashahSchool:19
No of High MadrashahSchool:38
No of New SetupMadrashah School:8
No. of Colleges8
13.Professional & Technical Education: (2012)
Engineering & Technical School (Govt)3
No of Engineering Collage (Private)1
No of Vocational Training Centre (VTC) at different Schools:145
College: Teachers’ Training (Govt)1 (B.ED)

1 (PTTI)

 No of Private B.ED5
No of Private D.ED5
No of Central School1
14.Special Education (2012)
Baisc Literacy Centre25112
Lok Siksha Kendra146
No of MSK108
No of Sishu Siksha Kendra(SSK)618
15.Libraries Reading Rooms and TLCs  (2012)
Public Library105
Free Reading room108
TLC56260
16.HEALTH &FW (2012)
Medical Collage1
District Hospital1
Sub Division Hospital1
Hospitals11
Health Centres45
Clinics432
Dispensaries7
BPHCs10
Rural Hospitals5
Primary Health Centres35
Sub Centres511
Total Beds1259
Family Welfare Centres16 (15 Public; 1 Private)
ICDS Projects16 (15 Blocks , 1 Municipality)
AWW Centres5573
17.No. of Cinema Houses (2012)27
18.AGRICULTURE & Allied (2012)
Normal Rainfall1485.2 mm.
Total Area.373300 Hec
Forest1680 Hec. { Reserve- 806; Protected-378; Vested Waste Land – 509.80}
Cultivable Area:2,80,000 Hec.
Net Cultivable Area:2,59,921 Hec.
Orchard and Horticultural Crops:75000 Hec.
Pasture and other grazing Land:435 Hec.
Gross Cropped Area:4,74,701 Hec.
Cropping Intensity:196
Cultivable Waste Land:671 Hec.
Marginal Holding (below 1.0 acre)310706; Area-171105 Hec. (05-06)
Small Holding (1.0-2.0 acre)49860; Area-81798 Hec. (05-06)
Medium Holding (2.0-4.0acre)15012; Area-40121 Hec.
Medium Holding (4.0-10.0acre)991; Area-4864 Hec.
Large Holding (10.0 acres and above)01; Area-10 Hec. (05-06)
Vested Land Distributed(30-9-2002)30332.00 Hec.; { SC-39310, ST-29168; Othrs.-82893}
Area Irrigated120067 { HDTW – 6150, MDTW – 242, LDTW – 641, STW – 78.494 , RLI – 8600, Others Sources – 24627, Tank – 1308, Net Irrigated Area – 1,44,588 Hec., Land Under Non Agricultural Use – 87,940 Hec.}

 

Minor IrrigationTank – 254, HDTW – 326, MDTW – 18, LDTW – 108, STW – 33837, RLI – 384, ODW – NIL, Others – 445
Fertilizer ConsumedNitrogen- 21910 Tones; Phosphorus- 14380 Tones; Potassium- 13430 Tones.
No. of Agri-Implement Hub3 (Habibpur, Gazole, Chanchal-I)
LIVESTOCK (2012)3892930 ( All)
Veterinary Hospitals etcSAHC-4, BAHC-15, ABAHC-15, ADAC- 146, AI Centres- 146 (Prani Bandhu) and 100 (Govt.)
19.Cooperative And Banking (2012):
Central BanksSocieties- 1, Members- 690
Primary Land Mortgage BanksSocieties- 1, Members- 6199
Agricultural Societies218, Members- 109252
Non Agri Credit SocietiesSocieties- 308, Members – 13594
All Credit SocietiesSocieties- 414, Members- 119086
Non- Credit SocietiesSocieties- 112, Members- 3756
Total No. of Credit and Non-Credit Societies526, Members- 122846

 

COMERCIAL BANKINGRural- 134, Semi Urban- 19, Urban- 8,      Total- 145{Ave. Population /Branch- 24600}
20.INDUSTRY (2012)
Small Industry ( Regd. Cottage & Small scale Industry)2481, Employment- 14857 (after implementation of MSMED act 2006)
21.POWER
Total no. of villages electrified1773
Consumption of Electricity ( in thousand KWH)Domestic – 77560

Commercial – 13454

Industrial – 16199

Public Lighting – 598

Agri Irrigation & Dewatering – 31627

Public water works & Sewarage Pump – 4187

Total – 143625.

22.No of Enterprises
AgriRural- 526 Urban – 15, Total – 541
Non-AgriRural – 1881, Urban – 445, Total – 2326
23.Regulated Market (2012)Principal Market yard – 2, Sub Market yard – 17
24.Market ( all categories)136
25.Regional Research Station on Subtropical Fruits by ICAR (proposed)1
26.Jute purchasing center under JCI (2012)5
27.Govt. Farms (all categories)9
28.Cold Storage5 ( 4 Multipurpose)
29.MR Shop (2012)762
30.TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATION
Registered Motor Vehicles (as on 21/08/2012)Heavy Goods vehicles – 3872

Medium Goods Vehicle – 336

Light Goods Vehicle – 2998

Three Wheeler Goods Vehicle – 96

Jeep Taxi – 756

L.M.V (Car) – 6391

L.M.V. (Van) – 86

L.M.V.( JEEP/GYPSY) – 162

Bus – 252

Mini bus – 2

Maxi Cab – 51

OMNI Bus – 409

Omni Bus ( Private) – 1285

Tractor  – 4646

Trailers –1725

Motor Cycle – 62970

Scooter – 2112

Ambulance – 116

Three Wheeler (Passenger) – 715.

PWDSurfaced – 677.50 km Un surfaced – 5.00km. Total – 682.50 km.
Zilla Parishad/PanchayetSurfaced – 579.50 km, Un surfaced – 269.50 km., Total – 849.00 KM
Municipalities247.85 km., Un surfaced – 240.74 km

Total- 488.59 km

Railway Station12 (Main Stations)
31.POST and Telegraph (2012)
Post Office37 (Departmental), 296 (Branch Office)
BSNLTotal 57 ( Under Malda SDCA – 29, Bulbulchandi SDCA- 8, Chanchal SDCA – 19, and Malda Main – 1)

 

Tourist Places :

Sl No.Name of the Places to VisitBrief description of the Place
1Ramkeli 

(Situated at a distance of nearing 14 Km from Malda towards south)

A small village on the way to Gour, Ramkeli is famous for being the temporary home of Sri Chaitanya, the great religious reformer of Bengal, where he had stayed for a few days on his way to Brindaban. A conglomeration of two tamal and two kadamba trees can still be seen, under which the saint is said to have meditated. A small temple constructed under this tree contains Sri Chaitanya’s footprints on stone. There are eight kundas or tanks flanking the temple. These are named as Rupsagar, Shyamkunda, Radhakunda, Lalitakunda, Bishakhakunda, Surabhikunda, Ranjakunda and Indulekhakunda. Every year, on the Jaishthya Sankranti, celebrations are held here to commemorate the arrival of Sri Chaitanya. A week-long fair also starts on this day.
2Gour 

(Situated at a distance of 16 km. south of Malda town on the border with Bangladesh. Gour came into prominence as the 7th century capital of King Shashanka, and was the capital of ancient Bengal for several centuries.)

Baroduari / Boro Sona MosqueBaroduari mosque is half a kilometre to the south of Ramkeli. A gigantic rectangular structure of brick and stone, this mosque is the largest monument in Gour. Though the name means Twelve Doors, this monument actually has eleven. The construction of this huge mosque, measuring 50.4 m. by 22.8 m., and 12 m. in height, was started by Allauddin Hussein Shah and was completed in 1526 by his son Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah. The Indo-Arabic style of architecture and the ornamental stone carvings make Baroduari a special attraction for tourists.
Dakhil DarwajaDakhil Darwaza, an impressive gateway built in 1425, is an important Muslim monument. Made of small red bricks and terracotta work, this dominating structure is more than 21 m. high and 34.5 m. wide. Its four corners are topped with five-storey high towers. Once the main gateway to a fort, it opens through the embankments surrounding it. In the south-east corner of the fort, a 20-m. high wall encloses the ruins of an old palace. In the past, cannons used to be fired from here. Hence the gate also came to be known as the Salaami Darwaza
Firoz MinarA kilometre away from the Dakhil Darwaza, is the Feroze Minar. It was built by Sultan Saifuddin Feroze Shah during 1485-89. This five-storey tower, resembling the Qutb Minar, is 26 m. high and 19 m. in circumference. The first three storeys of the tower have twelve adjacent faces each, and the uppermost two storeys are circular in shape. A spiralling flight of 84 steps takes one to the top of the tower. Built in the Tughlaqi style of architecture, the walls of Feroze Minar are covered with intricate terracotta carvings. This landmark is also known as the Pir-Asha-Minar or the Chiragdani.
Chamkati Masjid
Chika MosqueSultan Yusuf Shah built the Chika Mosque in 1475. The name originated from the fact that it used to shelter a large number of chikas, or bats. It is a single-domed edifice, almost in ruins now. The beautifully ornate carvings on the walls and the images of Hindu idols on the stonework of doors and lintels are still partly visible. The mosque also bears traces of Hindu temple architecture
Luko Churi GateThe Lakhchhipi Darwaza or Lukochuri Gate is located to the south-east of the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Shah Shuja is said to have built it in 1655 in the Mughal architectural style. The name originated from the royal game of hide-and-seek that the Sultan used to play with his begums. According to another school of historians, it was built by Allauddin Hussein Shah in 1522. Situated on the eastern side of the royal palace, this double-storeyed Darwaza functionally acted as the main gateway to the palace. The innovative architectural style makes it an interesting place to visit.
Kadam Rasul MosqueHalf a kilometre away from the Feroze Minar is the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Aptly named Kadam Rasool, which means Footprints of the Prophet, the mosque contains the footprints of Hazrat Muhammad on stone. On the four corners there are four towers made of black marble, with the spires on top covered with intricate artwork. Sultan Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah built the mosque in 1530.

Opposite the Kadam Rasool Mosque stands the 17th century tomb of Fateh Khan, a commander of Aurangzeb’s army. This interesting structure was built in the Hindu chala style.

A short distance away is the elegant Tantipara Mosque, with its intricate terracotta decoration.

Lattan MosqueLattan Mosque, legend attributes the building of this mosque to a dancing girl of the royal court. However, historians believe it was built by Sultan Shamsuddin Yusuf Shah in 1475. Traces of intricate mina work in blue, green, yellow, violet and white on the enamelled bricks lining the outer and inner walls are still visible. The splendour of colours has also led to the Mosque being called the Painted Mosque. Another interesting feature of this mosque is its arched roof, supported by octagonal pillars.
Kotwali Darwaja
Gumti DarwazaStanding to the north-east of the Chika Mosque, the Gumti Darwaza was built in 1512 by Allauddin Hussein Shah. Made of brick and terracotta, the once brilliant colours woven into the artwork are still partly visible. It is said that real gold was used in the decorations. The Darwaza, however, is closed to the public now.
3Adina

 

(Situated at 15 km north of Malda town)

Adina Dear Park
Hamamghar
Turkey Bath Room ( 17th Centuries)
Pandab Dallan    Minar
Atbart Dighi.
Adina MosqueAdina Masjid, built in 1369 by Sultan Sikander Shah. One of the largest mosques in India, it also typifies the most developed mosque architecture of the period, the orthodox design being based on the great 8th century mosque of Damascus. Carved basalt masonry from earlier Hindu temples is used to support the 88 brick arches and 378 identical small domes.
4Pandua

 

( Situted at 18 Km north of Malda town)

Kutubshahi MasjidQutb Shahi Mosque, locally known as the Chhoto Sona Masjid, built to honour saint Nur Qutb-ul-Alam. The ruins of his shrine are nearby, along with that of Saint Hazrat Shah Jalal Tabrizi, collectively known as the Bari Darga.
Eklakhi MausoleumThe Eklakhi Mausoleum is the most elegant monument in Pandua. One of the first square brick tombs in Bengal, with a carved Ganesh on the doorway, it is the tomb of the convert son of a Hindu Raja.