Khilafat Movement (1919) in Indian History:
- The main object of the Khilafat Movement was to force the British Government to change its attitude towards Turkey and restore the Turkish Sulthan (Khalifa) to his former position.
- A Khilafat committee was formed under the leadersip of Ali brothers Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal khan, and Hasrat Mohani.
- The Khilafat Movement lost its relevance due to the reforms of Mustafa Kamal Pasha in Turkey. Pasha abolished Khilafat and made Turkey a secular state.
- On 1 June 1920 the Khilafat Committee at Allahabad unanimously accepted Gandhi’s suggestion of non co-operation and asked him to lead the Movement.