Alipurduar District :
Alipurduar is the newly created District of West Bengal. It became 20th district of West Bengal on 25thJune ,2014. Alipurduar the 2ndlargest Sub-Division was created on 7th July 1876. The Late Colonel Hedayet Ali Khan was the first Assistant Commissioner of Alipurduar and it was named after him. Alipurduar District isfamous for Three ” T” (Tea , Tree & Tiger).
The Climate of this district is warm and humid . In Summers the temperature runs 250 C to 370 C and in Winters temperature runs 180 C to 60 C. The Average Rainfall of this district is —–. Maximum rainfall of West Bengal is found in Buxa Fort. This district consists of six blocks namely 1) Kumargram, 2) Kalchini, 3) AlipurduarI, 4) Alipurduar II,5) Falakata, 6) Madarihat-Birpara and one Municipality i.eAlipurduar Municipality covering 2566.85 Square Kilometer area and its population is more than 70lakh. Alipurduar is a Multi-lingual district of West Bengal where Bengali, Hindi, English, Sadri, Oraon, Munda, Kharia, BoroSantal language are spoken and different communities of Tribes are foundhere. The tribe TOTO is found only in this district and it is significant that this Human species is getting abolished gradually.
There are five Legislative Assembly Constituencies under this district i.e. 1) Kumargram (ST), 2) Kalchini (ST), 3) Alipurduar , 5) Falakata (SC) , 6) Madarihat-(ST) and one Parliamentary Constituency (ST) .
Tea ,Tree and Dolomite are the main resources of this district. Torsha,Holong , Mujnai, Rydak, Kaljani , Sankosh are the main river of this district. Tea Plantation and processing is the only Industry covering 52,566.4 Hector of land and famous dooars Tea is also produced here. There is a huge possibility of development Tourism as Industry in the Tea Gardens , Dense Evergreen Forest with Wild Life and Hill with flowing river. Jaldapara sanctuary and Buxa Tiger Reserve ,Buxa Fort, are also in this district. The most of the people of this district depends on agriculture and harvest Rice, Jute , Potato etc. Besides agriculture , the people of this district earn their livelihood from the sources of Tourism , Fishing , wood and cane based furniture. This district is well connected with National Highways and Indian Railways. Nearest Airport is Coochbehar Airport and Bagdogra Airport in Siliguri.
This district is covered with forest of 73,439.6 Hector of land. Evergreen Trees , valuable Timber and any important medicinal plants are also found in the forest of this district. This district is connected with the different doors of Bhutan. Dense green forest with Wild Life ,Flowing river from Bhutan , foot steps of hill , Tea Garden etc. added the beautification of Dooars and made this district significant