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Class 12 (XII-Twelve) Syllabus NCERT Books Notes NCERT Solutions Answers Practice Questions

NCERT Books for Class 12 all Subjects

Download NCERT Books for Class XII Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and all other subjects in PDF form. All chapters of NCERT books are given as a separate links.

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 MATHEMATICS

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 MATHEMATICS – HINDI MEDIUM

गणित (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 PHYSICS

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 PHYSICS – HINDI MEDIUM

भौतिकी (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 CHEMISTRY

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 CHEMISTRY – HINDI MEDIUM

रसायन (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 BIOLOGY IN PDF

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 BIOLOGY IN HINDI MEDIUM

जीव विज्ञान

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 ENGLISH (CORE)

Flamingo – Prose

Flamingo – Poetry

Vistas – Supplementary Reader

Class 11 (XI-Eleven) Syllabus NCERT Books Notes NCERT Solutions Answers Practice Questions

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 MATHS (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 गणित (HINDI MEDIUM)

NCERT REVISION BOOKS CLASS 11 MATHS

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 PHYSICS (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 PHYSICS (HINDI MEDIUM)

भौतिकी (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 CHEMISTRY (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 CHEMISTRY (HINDI MEDIUM)

रसायन (भाग 1 तथा भाग 2)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 BIOLOGY (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 BIOLOGY (HINDI MEDIUM)

जीव विज्ञान

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 11 ENGLISH (CORE COURSE)

Hornbill (Core Course)

READING SKILLS
WRITING SKILLS

Snapshots (Core Course)

SUPPLEMENTARY READER

Class 10 (X-Ten) Syllabus NCERT Books Notes NCERT Solutions Answers Practice Questions

NCERT Books for Class 10

CLASS 10 MATHS BOOKS (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

 

Class 10 Maths Books (Hindi Medium)

CLASS 10 SCIENCE BOOKS (ENGLISH MEDIUM)

 

Class 10 Science Books (Hindi Medium)

CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE NCERT BOOK ENGLISH MEDIUM

History (India and The Contemporary World – II)

 

Geography (Contemporary India – II)

Political Science (Democratic Politics -II)

Economics (Understanding Economic Development)

Click here to download Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solutions

CLASS 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE NCERT BOOK HINDI MEDIUM

 

इतिहास (भारत और समकालीन विश्व – II)

भूगोल (समकालीन भारत – II)

 

राजनीति विज्ञान (लोकतांत्रिक राजनीति -II)

अर्थशास्त्र (आर्थिक विकास की समझ)

CLASS 10 ENGLISH NCERT TEXTBOOK

First Flight

Chapter 1. A Letter to God
Chapter 2. Nelson Mandela:Long Walk to Freedom
Chapter 3. Two Stories about Flying
Chapter 4. From the Diary of Anne Frank
Chapter 5. The Hundred Dresses–I
Chapter 6. The Hundred Dresses–II
Chapter 7. Glimpses of India
Chapter 8. Mijbil the Otter
Chapter 9. Madam Rides the Bus
Chapter 10. The Sermon at Benares
Chapter 11. The Proposal

 

FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET

Chapter 1. A Triumph of Surgery
Chapter 2. The Thief’s Story
Chapter 3. The Midnight Visitor
Chapter 4. A Question of Trust
Chapter 5. Footprints without Feet
Chapter 6. The Making of a Scientist
Chapter 7. The Necklace
Chapter 8. The Hack Driver
Chapter 9. Bholi
Chapter 10. The Book That Saved the Earth

INTERACT IN ENGLISH – LITERATURE READER
A Textbook for English Course (Communicative) – Friction (Prose)
POETRY

 

DRAMA
INTERACT IN ENGLISH – MAIN COURSE BOOK (MCB)
LONG READING TEXT – NOVELS

CLASS 10 HINDI NCERT BOOKS – COURSE A

Hindi – Course A – NCERT Book

KRITIKA – कृतिका
KSHITIJ – क्षितिज

CLASS 10 HINDI NCERT BOOKS – COURSE B

स्पर्श (पद्य)

 

स्पर्श(गद्य )

Sanchayan

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 10 SANSKRIT

शेमुषी

व्याकरणवीथिः

Class 9 (IX-Nine) Syllabus NCERT Books Notes NCERT Solutions Answers Practice Questions

NCERT Books for Class 9 All Subjects in PDF

Download NCERT books for class 9 all subjects for High Secondary (High School NCERT Books for UP Board Also) in Hindi Medium. All books are given below in separate chapters. NCERT solutions are also available to download in PDF form.

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 MATHS – ENGLISH/HINDI/GUJRATI MEDIUM

 

 

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9TH MATHS (GANIT) – HINDI MEDIUM

 

NCERT EXEMPLAR BOOKS FOR 9TH CLASS MATHS – ENGLISH MEDIUM

 

Chapter 1: Number Systems
Chapter 2: Polynomials
Chapter 3: Coordinate Geometry
Chapter 4: Linear Equations in Two Variables
Chapter 5: Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry
Chapter 6: Lines and Angles
Chapter 7: Triangles
Chapter 8: Quadrilaterals
Chapter 9: Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles
Chapter 10: Circles
Chapter 11: Constructions
Chapter 12: Heron’s Formula
Chapter 13: Surface Areas and Volumes
Chapter 14: Statistics and Probability

Visit to NCERT Exemplar for class 9 Maths Main page

 

NCERT EXEMPLAR BOOKS FOR 9TH CLASS MATHS (GANIT) – HINDI MEDIUM

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 SCIENCE – ENGLISH/GUJRATI MEDIUM

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 SCIENCE – HINDI MEDIUM

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 SOCIAL SCIENCE – ENGLISH MEDIUM

India and the Contemporary World – 1 (History)

 

Contemporary India – 1 (Geography)

Democratic Politics – I (Political Science)

Economics

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 SOCIAL SCIENCE (सामाजिक विज्ञान) – HINDI MEDIUM

भारत और समकालीन विश्व – 1 (इतिहास)

समकालीन भारत – 1 (भूगोल)

लोकतांत्रिक राजनीति (राजनीति विज्ञान)

अर्थशास्त्र

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 HINDI (COURSE A & B) – कक्षा 9 हिंदी

क्षितिज भाग 1 (‘अ’ पाठयक्रम)

गद्य-खंड

 

काव्य-खंड

कृतिका भाग 1 (‘अ’ पाठयक्रम)

संचयन भाग १ (‘ब’ पाठयक्रम)

स्पर्श भाग १ (‘ब’ पाठयक्रम)

गद्य खंड

स्पर्श भाग १ (‘ब’ पाठयक्रम)

काव्य खंड

 

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 ENGLISH

Beehive

Moments – Supplementary Reader

 

NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 9 SANSKRIT

शेमुषी

व्याकरणवीथिः

Class 7 (VII-Seven) Syllabus NCERT Books Notes NCERT Solutions Answers Practice Questions

NCERT books for Class 7 All Subjects (English & Hindi Medium)

The below mentioned list sows NCERT books for class 7 Maths, Science, Social Science, Hindi and English books in PDF form. English and Hindi medium books are given separately. You can read here or download for reference.

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 MATHS – ENGLISH MEDIUM

 

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 MATHS (गणित) – HINDI MEDIUM

NCERT EXEMPLAR BOOKS FOR CLASS 7 MATHS – ENGLISH MEDIUM

 

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 SCIENCE – ENGLISH MEDIUM

 

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 SCIENCE (विज्ञान) – HINDI MEDIUM

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE – ENGLISH MEDIUM

History (Our Pasts II)

 

Geography (Our Environment)

Political Science

 

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE (सामाजिक विज्ञान) – HINDI MEDIUM

हमारा पर्यावरण (भूगोल)

हमारे अतीत – 2 (इतिहास)
समकालीन और राजनितिक जीवन – 2 (राजनितिक विज्ञान)

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 HINDI (DURVA AND VASANT PART 2)

 

दूर्वा भाग – २

वसंत भाग – २

बाल महाभारत कथा

 

NCERT TEXTBOOKS FOR CLASS 7 ENGLISH (HONEYCOMB & THE ALIAN HAND)

Honeycomb

The Alien Hand

Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Sociology 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Sociology 2018-19

SOCIOLOGY (Code No. 039) CBSE
2018-19
Rationale
Sociology is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. The syllabus is designed to help learners to reflect on what they hear and see in the course of everyday life and develop a constructive attitude towards society in change; to equip a learner with concepts and theoretical skills for the purpose. The curriculum of Sociology at this stage should enable the learner to understand dynamics of human behaviour in all its complexities and manifestations. The learners of today need answers and explanations to satisfy the questions that arise in their minds while trying to understand social world. Therefore, there is a need to develop an analytical approach towards the social structure so that they can meaningfully participate in the process of social change. There is scope in the syllabus not only for interactive learning, based on exercises and project work but also for teachers and students
to jointly innovate new ways of learning.
·     Sociology studies society. The child’s familiarity with the society in which she /he lives in makes
the study of Sociology a double edged experience. At one level Sociology studies institutions such as family and kinship, class, caste and tribe religion and region- contexts with which children are familiar of, even if differentially. For India is a society which is varied both horizontally and vertically. The effort in the books will be to grapple overtly with this both as a source of strength and as a site for interrogation.
· Significantly the intellectual legacy of Sociology equips the discipline with a plural perspective that overtly engages with the need for defamiliarization, to unlearn and question the given. This interrogative and critical character of Sociology also makes it possible to understand both other cultures as well as relearn about one’s own culture.
· This plural perspective makes for an inbuilt richness and openness that not too many other disciplines in practice share. From its very inception Sociology has had mutually enriching and contesting traditions of an interpretative method that openly takes into account ‘subjectivity’ and causal explanations that pay due importance to establishing causal correspondences with considerable sophistication. Not surprisingly its field work tradition also entails large scale survey methods as well as a rich ethnographic tradition. Indeed Indian sociology, in particular has bridged this distinction between what has often been seen as distinct approaches of Sociology and social anthropology. The syllabus provides ample opportunity to make the child familiar with the excitement of field work as well as its theoretical significance for the very discipline of Sociology.
· The plural legacy of Sociology also enables a bird’s eye view and a worm’s eye view of the society the child lives in. This is particularly true today when the local is inextricably defined and shaped by macro global processes.
· The syllabus proceeds with the assumption that gender as an organizing principle of society cannot be treated as an add on topic but is fundamental to the manner that all chapters shall be dealt with.
· The chapters shall seek for a child centric approach that makes it possible to connect the lived reality of children with social structures and social processes that Sociology studies.
· A conscious effort will be made to build into the chapters a scope for exploration of society that makes learning a process of discovery. A way towards this is to deal with sociological concepts not as givens but a product of societal actions humanly constructed and therefore open to
questioning.
Objectives
·    To enable learners to relate classroom teaching to their outside environment.
·     To introduce them to the basic concepts of Sociology that would enable them to observe and interpret social life.
·     To be aware of the complexity of social processes.
·     To appreciate diversity in Indian society and the world at large.
·    To build the capacity of students to understand and analyze the changes in contemporary Indian society.
SOCIOLOGY (Code No. 039)
CLASS–XI (2018-19)
One Paper Theory                                                                                                                            3 Hours
Max. Marks 80
Unitwise Weightage
UnitsPeriodsMarks
AIntroducing Sociology
1.  Sociology, Society and its relationship with other Social Sciences208
2.  Basic Concepts & their use in Sociology208
3.  Understanding Social Institutions2210
4.  Culture and Socialization188
5.  Doing Sociology: Research Methods206
Total40
BUnderstanding Society
6.  Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Society2210
7.  Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society2210
8.  Environment and Society164
9.  Introducing Western Sociologists208
10. Indian Sociologists208
Total40
20080
CLASS–XI
Practical Examination
40 Periods
Max. Marks 20Time allotted : 3hrs
Unitwise Weightage
A.      Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)
i.  Statementof the purpose
10 marks
ii.  Methodology / Technique
iii. Conclusion
B.Viva – based on the project work02 marks
C.Research design Steps of research (e.g. observation, interview, content analysis) to be explained to student and questions accordingly raised.
i.   Overall format
ii   Research Question/Hypothesis
iii. Choice of technique
iv.  Detailed procedure for implementation of technique
v.   Limitations of the above technique
1 mark
1 mark
2 marks
2 marks
2 marks
Total20 Marks
A.INTRODUCING SOCIOLOGY40 Marks
Unit 1: Sociology, Society and its Relationship with other Social Sciences20 Periods
§ Introducing Society: Individuals and collectivities. Plural Perspectives
§ Introducing Sociology: Emergence. Nature and Scope. Relationship to other disciplines
Unit 2: Basic Concepts and their use in Sociology                                                      20 Periods
§ Social Groups & Society
§ Status and Role
§ Social Stratification
§ Society & Social Control
Unit 3: Understanding Social Institutions                                                                   22 Periods
§ Family, Marriage and Kinship
§ Work & Economic Life
§ Political Institutions
§ Religion as a Social Institution
§ Education as a Social Institution
Unit 4: Culture and Socialization                                                                               18 Periods
§ Culture, Values and Norms
§ Dimensions of Culture
§ Socialization: Conformity, Conflict and the Shaping of Personality
Unit 5: Doing Sociology: Research Methods                                                                20 Periods
§ Objectivity and Subjectivity
§ Methods: Participant Observation, Survey
§ Tools and Techniques: Observation, Interview, Questionnaire
§ The Significance of Field Work in Anthropology and Sociology
B.UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY40 Marks
Unit 6: Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Society22 Periods
·     Social Structure
·    Social Stratification: Class, Caste, Gender
·    Social Processes: Cooperation, Competition, Conflict
Unit 7: Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society                        22 Periods
·    Social Change: Types; Causes and Consequences
·    Social Order: Domination, Authority and Law; Contestation, Crime and Violence
·     Village, Town and City: Changes in Rural and Urban Society
Unit 8: Environment and Society                                                                             16 Periods
·     Ecology and Society
·    Environmental Crises and Social Responses
·    Sustainable Development
Unit 9: Introducing Western Sociologists                                                                 20 Periods
·     Karl Marx on Class Conflict
·     Emile Durkheim: Division of Labour
·    Max Weber: Interpretive Sociology, Ideal Type and Bureaucracy
Unit 10: Indian Sociologists                                                                                    20 Periods
·     G.S. Ghurye on Caste and Race
·     D.P. Mukherjee on Tradition and Change
·     A.R. Desai on the State
·     M.N. Srinivas on the Village
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
SOCIOLOGY                                           Code No. 039                                                Class – XI
TIME: 3 Hours                                                                                                    Max. Marks: 80
S.
No.
Typology of QuestionsLearning           Very            Short           Long          Total          % Outcomes         Short           Answer        Answer      Marks         Wei and Testing      Answer        (SA)             (LA)
Competencie    (VSA)           (4 Marks)     (6
s                       (2 Marks)                         Marks)
ghtage
1Remembering-(Knowledge
based simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; identify, define, or recite information)
Reasoning
Analytical Skills Critical Thinking Skills, etc.
5212430%
2Understanding- (Comprehension- to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)31116
3Application – (Use abstract
information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)
3212025%
4High Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis & Synthesis – Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, organise and
/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)
11112
5Evaluation – (Appraise,
judge and /or justify the worth of a decision or outcome or to predict outcomes)
210810%
Total14×2=28    7×4=28      4×6=24    80(25)      100%
20%
15%
SOCIOLOGY (Code No. 039)
CLASS–XII (2018-19)
One Paper Theory                                                                                                                           Marks 80
Unitwise Weightage                                                                                                                          3 hours
UnitsPeriodsMarks
A.Indian Society
1.   Introducing Indian Society6Non-evaluative
2.   The Demographic Structure of Indian Society106
3.   Social Institutions-Continuity and Change126
4.   Market as a Social Institution106
5.   Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion206
6.   Challenges of Cultural Diversity208
7.   Suggestions for Project Work16Non-evaluative
Total32
B.Change and Development in Indian Society
8.   Structural Change106
9.   Cultural Change126
10. The Story of Indian Democracy166
11. Change and Development in Rural Society106
12. Change and Development in Industrial Society146
13. Globalization and Social Change106
14. Mass Media and Communications146
15. Social Movements206
Total48
20080
Practical Examination
Class – XII
40 Periods
Max. Marks: 20                                                                                                        Time allotted : 3 Hrs
Unitwise Weightage
A.Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)
i.   Statement of the purpose
ii.  Methodology / Technique
iii. Conclusion
10 marks
B.Viva – based on the project work02 marks
C.Research design08 marks
i.   Overall format
ii   Research Question/Hypothesis
iii. Choice of technique
iv.  Detailed procedure for implementation of technique
v.   Limitations of the above technique
B & C to be administered on the day of the external examination
Total20 Marks
A.    INDIAN SOCIETY32 Marks
Unit 1:    Introducing Indian Society10 Periods
·   Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community
Unit 2:    The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society                                             10 Periods
·  Theories and concepts in demography
·  Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions
Unit 3:    Social Institutions: Continuity and Change                                                        12 Periods
·     The Caste System
·   Family and Kinship
Unit 4:    Market as a Social Institution                                                                            10 Periods
§ Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy
§ Globalization – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets
Unit 5:    Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion                                                       20 Periods
·   Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
·   Marginalization of Tribal Communities
·   The Struggle for Women’s Equality
·   The struggles of the Differently Abled
Unit 6:    The Challenges of Cultural Diversity                                                                 20 Periods
§ Cultural communities and the nation state
§ Problems of Communalism, Regionalism and Casteism
§ The Nation state, religion related issues and identities
§ Communalism, secularism and the nation state
§ State and Civil Society
Unit 7:    Suggestions for Project Work                                                                            16 Periods
B. CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA                                              48 Marks
Unit 8: Structural Change                                                                                          10 Periods
·     Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization
Unit 9:Cultural Change12 Periods
·   Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
·   Social Reform Movements and Laws
Unit 10:The Story of Indian Democracy16 Periods
·   The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
·   Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation
·   Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
Unit 11:Change and Development in Rural Society10 Periods
·   Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
·   Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
·    Land Reforms
·   Green revolution and its social consequences
·   Transformation in Rural Society
·   Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society
Unit 12:Change and Development in Industrial Society14 Periods
·   From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
·    Getting a Job
·   Work Processes
Unit 13:Globalisation and Social Change10 Periods
·   Dimensions of Globalization
Unit 14:Mass Media and Communication14 Periods
·   Types of Mass Media: Radio, Television and Print Media
·   Changing Nature of Mass Media
Unit 15:  Social Movements                                                                                              18 Periods
§ Theories and Classification of Social Movements
§ Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
§ Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
§ Women’s Movements in Independent India
§ Tribal Movements
§ Environmental Movements
CBSE Prescribed Books:
1.   Introducing Sociology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2.   Understanding Society, Class XI, Published by NCERT
3.   Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT
4.   Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT
CBSE QUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
SOCIOLOGY                                           Code No. 039                                               Class – XII
TIME: 3 Hours                                                                                                    Max. Marks: 80
S.
No.
Typology of QuestionsLearning           Very            Short           Long          Total          % Outcomes         Short           Answer        Answer      Marks         Wei and Testing      Answer        (SA)             (LA)
Competencie    (VSA)           (4 Marks)     (6
s                       (2 Marks)                         Marks)
ghtage
1Remembering-(Knowledge
based simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; identify, define, or recite information)
Reasoning
Analytical Skills Critical Thinking Skills, etc.
5212430%
2Understanding- (Comprehension- to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)31116
3Application – (Use abstract
information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)
3212025%
4High Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis & Synthesis – Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, organise and
/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)
11112
5Evaluation – (Appraise,
judge and /or justify the worth of a decision or outcome or to predict outcomes)
210810%
Total14×2=28    7×4=28      4×6=24    80(25)      100%
20%
15%

To see the full specifications with in-depth details click here

Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Psychology 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Psychology 2018-19

24. CBSE PSYCHOLOGY (Code No. 037)
Psychology is introduced as an elective subject at the higher secondary stage of school education. As a
discipline, psychology specializes in the study of experiences, behaviours, and mental processes of human beings within a socio-cultural historical context. This course purports to introduce the learners to the basic ideas, principles, and methods in Psychology. The emphasis is to create interest and exposure needed by learners to develop their own knowledge base and understanding.
The course deals with psychological knowledge and practices which are contextually rooted. It emphasizes
the complexity of behavioural processes and discourages simplistic cause-effect thinking. This is pursued by encouraging critical reasoning, allowing students to appreciate the role of cultural factors in behaviour, and illustrating how biology and experiences shape behaviour.
It  is  suggested  that  the  teaching  –  learning  processes  should  involve  students  in  evolving  their  own
understanding, therefore, teaching of Psychology should be based on the use of case studies, narratives, experiential exercises, analysis of common everyday experiences, etc.
Objectives:
·     To develop appreciation about human mind and behaviour in the context of learners’ immediate society and environment.
·     To develop  in  learners  an appreciation  of  the  nature  of psychological knowledge  and  its application to various aspects of life.
·     To enable learners to become perceptive, socially aware and self-reflective.
·     To facilitate students’ quest for personal growth and effectiveness, and to enable them to become responsive and responsible citizens.
PSYCHOLOGY (Code No. 037)
CLASS–XI (2018-19) (THEORY)
One Theory Paper                                                                                                                           3 Hours
Marks: 70
UnitsTopicsPeriodsWeightage in Marks
IWhat is Psychology?167
IIMethods of Enquiry in Psychology2010
IIIThe Bases of Human Behaviour208
IVHuman Development166
VSensory, Attentional and Perceptual Processes208
VILearning229
VIIHuman Memory208
VIIIThinking187
IXMotivation and Emotion187
Total17070
Unit I:   What is Psychology?                                                                                16 Periods
1.  Introduction
2.  What is Psychology?
a)   Psychology as a Discipline
b)   Psychology as a Natural Science
c)   Psychology as a Social Science
3.  Understanding Mind and Behaviour
4.  Popular Notions about the Discipline of Psychology
5.  Evolution of Psychology
6.  Development of Psychology in India
7.  Branches of Psychology
8.  Themes of Research and Applications
9.  Psychology and Other Disciplines
10. Psychologists at Work
11. Psychology in Everyday Life
Unit II:  Methods of Enquiry in Psychology                                                           20 Periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Goals of Psychological Enquiry
a)   Steps in Conducting Scientific Research
b)  Alternative Paradigms of Research
3.  Nature of Psychological Data
4.  Some Important Methods in Psychology
a)   Observational Method
b)  Experimental Method
c)   Correlational Research
d)   Survey Research
e)   Psychological Testing
f)   Case Study
5.  Analysis of Data
a.   Quantitative Method
b.  Qualitative Method
6.  Limitations of Psychological Enquiry
7.  Ethical Issues
Unit III: The Bases of Human Behaviour                                                               20 Periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Evolutionary Perspective
3.  Biological and Cultural Roots
4.  Biological Basis of Behaviour
a)   Neurons
5.  Structure and Functions of Nervous System and Endocrine System and their Relationship with Behaviour and Experience
a)   The Nervous System
b)   The Endocrine System
6.  Heredity: Genes and Behaviour
7.  Cultural Basis : Socio-Cultural Shaping of Behaviour
a)   Concept of Culture
8.  Enculturation
9.  Socialisation
10. Acculturation
Unit IV: Human Development                                                                               16 Periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Meaning of Development
a)   Life-Span Perspective on Development
3.  Factors Influencing Development
4.  Context of Development
5.  Overview of Developmental Stages
a)   Prenatal Stage
6.   Infancy
7.  Childhood
8.  Challenges of Adolescence
9.  Adulthood and Old Age
Unit-V:   Sensory, Attentional, and Perceptual Processes                                     20 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Knowing the world
3.  Nature and varieties of Stimulus
4.  Sense Modalities
a)   Visual Sensation
b)  Auditory Sensation
5.  Attentional Processes
a)   Selective Attention
b)  Sustained Attention
6.  Perceptual Processes
a)   Processing Approaches in Perception
7.  The Perceiver
8.  Principles of Perceptual Organisation
9.  Perception of Space, Depth, and Distance
a)   Monocular Cues and Binocular Cues
10. Perceptual Constancies
11. Illusions
12. Socio-Cultural Influences on Perception
Unit-VI: Learning                                                                                                 22 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature of Learning
3.  Paradigms of Learning
4.  Classical Conditioning
a)   Determinants of Classical Conditioning
5.  Operant/Instrumental Conditioning
a)   Determinants of Operant Conditioning
b)   Key Learning Processes
6.  Observational Learning
7.  Cognitive Learning
8.  Verbal Learning
9.  Concept Learning
10. Skill Learning
11. Transfer of Learning
12. Factors Facilitating Learning
13. The Learner : Learning Styles
14. Learning Disabilities
15. Applications of Learning Principles
Unit-VII: Human Memory                                                                                       20 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature of memory
3.  Information processing Approach : The Stage Model
4.  Memory Systems : Sensory, Short-term and Long-term Memories
5.  Levels of Processing
6.  Types of Long-term Memory
a)   Declarative and Procedural; Episodic and Semantic
7.  Knowledge Representation and Organisation in Memory
8.  Memory as a Constructive Process
9.  Nature and Causes of Forgetting
a)   Forgetting due to Trace Decay, Interference and Retrieval Failure
10. Enhancing Memory
a)   Mnemonics using Images and Organisation
Unit-VIII: Thinking                                                                                                18 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature of Thinking
a)   Building Blocks of Thought
3.  The Processes of Thinking
4.  Problem Solving
5.  Reasoning
6.  Decision-making
7.  Nature and Process of Creative Thinking
a)   Nature of Creative Thinking
b)   Process of Creative Thinking
8.  Developing Creative Thinking
a)   Barriers to Creative Thinking
b)  Strategies for Creative Thinking
9.  Thought and Language
10. Development of Language and Language Use
Unit-IX: Motivation and Emotion                                                                          18 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature of Motivation
3.   Types of Motives
a)   Biological Motives
b)  Psychosocial Motives
4.  Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
5.  Nature of Emotions
6.  Physiological Bases of Emotions
7.  Cognitive Bases of Emotions
8.  Cultural Bases of Emotions
9.  Expression of Emotions
a)   Culture and Emotional Expression
b)  Culture and Emotional Labelling
10. Managing Negative Emotions
11. Enhancing Positive Emotions
Practicals (Projects, experiments, small studies, etc.)                                                               60 Periods
The students shall be required to undertake one project and conduct two experiments. The project would involve the use of different methods of enquiry and related skills. Practicals would involve conducting experiments and undertaking small studies, exercises, related to the topics covered in the course (e.g. Human development, Learning, Memory, Motivation, Perception, Attention and Thinking).
Practical Examination
(i)  Practical (Experiments) file                                                                                                       05 Marks
(ii)  Project file                                                                                                                               05 Marks
(iii) Viva Voce (Project and experiments)                                                                                         05 Marks
(iv) One experiment: (05 for conduct and 10 for reporting)                                                              15 Marks
CBSE QUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
PSYCHOLOGYCode No. 037CLASS-XI
TIME: 3 HoursMax. Marks: 70
S.
No
Typology of QuestionsTesting CompetenciesLearning checks (LC)
(1 Mark)
Very Short Answer (VSA)
(2
Marks)
Short Answer
-I (SA-I) (3
Marks)
Short Answer
-II (SA- II)
(4
Marks)
Long Answer (LA)
(6
Marks)
Total Marks%
Weig htag e
1Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define, or recite, information)·  Reasoning
·  Analytical Skills
·  Critical Thinking Skills etc.
32212130%
2Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)41112130%
3Application – (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)3121420%
4High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)410710%
5Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)110710%
TOTAL10×1= 106×2=124×3=126×4=242×6=1270(28)100%
CLASS–XII (THEORY) (2018-19)
One Theory Paper                                                                                                                         Marks 70
UnitsPeriodWeightage in Marks
IVariations in Psychological Attributes209
IISelf and Personality2410
IIIMeeting Life Challenges147
IVPsychological Disorders2410
VTherapeutic Approaches207
VIAttitude and Social Cognition208
VIISocial Influence and Group Processes227
VIIIPsychology and Life136
IXDeveloping Psychological Skills136
Total17070
Unit-I:   Variations in Psychological Attributes                                                     20 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Individual Differences in Human Functioning
3.  Assessment of Psychological Attributes
4.  Intelligence
5.  Theories of Intelligence
a)   Theory of Multiple Intelligences
b)  Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
c)   Planning, Attention-arousal, and Simultaneous successive Model of Intelligence
6.  Individual Differences in Intelligence
a. Variations of Intelligence
7.  Culture and Intelligence
8.  Emotional Intelligence
9.  Special Abilities
a)   Aptitude: Nature and Measurement
10. Creativity
Unit-II    Self and Personality                                                                                24 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Self and Personality
3.  Concept of Self
4.  Cognitive and Behavioural Aspects of Self
a)  Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Self-regulation
5.  Culture and Self
6.  Concept of Personality
7.  Major Approaches to the Study of Personality
a)   Type Approaches
b)   Trait Approaches
c)   Psychodynamic Approach
d)  Behavioural Approach
e)   Cultural Approach
f)   Humanistic Approach
8.  Assessment of Personality
a)   Self-report Measures
b)  Projective Techniques
c)   Behavioural Analysis
Unit-III: Meeting Life Challenges                                                                          14 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature, Types and Sources of Stress
3.  Effects of Stress on Psychological Functioning and Health
a)   Stress and Health
b)  General Adaptation Syndrome
c)   Stress and Immune System
d)   Lifestyle
4.  Coping with Stress
a)   Stress Management Techniques
5.  Promoting Positive Health and Well-being
a)   Life Skills
Unit-IV: Psychological Disorders                                                                           24 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Concepts of abnormality and psychological Disorders
3.  Classification of Psychological Disorders
4.  Factors Underlying Abnormal Behaviour
5.  Major Psychological Disorders
a.   Anxiety Disorders
b.  Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
c.   Trauma-and Stressor-Related Disorders
d.  Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
e.  Dissociative Disorders
f.   Depressive Disorder
g.   Bipolar and Related Disorders
h.  Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
i.   Neurodevelopmental Disorders
j.   Disruptive, Impulse-Control and Conduct Disorders
k.   Feeding and Eating Disorders
l.   Substance Related and Addictive Disorders
Unit-V:  Therapeutic Approaches                                                                         20 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.   Nature and process of psychotherapy
a)   Therapeutic relationship
2.   Types of therapies
a)   Psychodynamic Therapy
b)  Behaviour Therapy
c)   Cognitive Therapy
d)  Humanistic-existential Therapy
e)   Biomedical Therapy
f)   Alternative Therapies
3.  Rehabilitation of the Mentally Ill
Unit-VI:  Attitude And Social Cognition                                                                 20 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Explaining Social Behaviour
3.  Nature and Components of Attitudes
4.  Attitude Formation and Change
a)   Attitude Formation
b)   Attitude Change
c)   Attitude-Behaviour Relationship
5.  Prejudice and Discrimination
6.  Strategies for Handling Prejudice
7.  Social Cognition
8.  Schemas and Stereotypes
9.  Impression Formation and Explaining
10. Behaviour of Others through Attributions
a)   Impression Formation
b)   Attribution of Causality
11. Behaviour in the Presence of Others
12. Pro-social Behaviour
a)   Factors Affecting Pro-social Behaviour
Unit-VII: Social Influence And Group Processes                                                     22 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Nature and Formation of Groups
3.  Type of Groups
4.  Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
a)   Social Loafing
b)  Group Polarisation
5.  Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
6.  Cooperation and Competition
a)   Determinants of Cooperation and Competition
7.  Social Identity
8.  Intergroup Conflict: Nature and Causes
9.  Conflict Resolution Strategies
Unit-VIII: Psychology and Life                                                                               13 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Human-Environment Relationship
a)  Different Views of the Human-Environment Relationship
3.  Environmental Effects on Human Behaviour
a)   Human Influence on the Environment
b)   Noise
c)   Pollution
d)   Crowding
e)   Natural Disasters
4.  Promoting Pro-environmental Behaviour
5.  Psychology and Social Concerns
a)   Poverty and Discrimination
b)  Aggression, Violence, and Peace
c)   Mahatma Gandhi on Non-violence
d)   Health
e)   Impact of Television on Behaviour
Unit-IX:  Developing Psychological Skills                                                               13 periods
The topics in this unit are:
1.  Introduction
2.  Developing as an effective Psychologist
3.  General Skills
4.  Observational Skills
5.  Specific Skills
a)   Communication Skills
b)  Psychological Testing Skills
6.  Interviewing Skills
7.  Counselling Skills
Practicals                                                                                          30 Marks     60 Periods
A.  Development of case profile:
Using appropriate methods like, interview, observation and psychological tests.
B.  Test administration:
Students are required to administer and interpret five tests.
C.  In Practical examination, the student will be required to administer and interpret two psychological tests.
Distribution of Marks:
(i)  Practical File                                                                                                                            10 Marks
(ii)  Viva Voce (Case profile and practical)                                                                                       05 Marks
(iii) Two practicals (5 for conduct and 10 for reporting)                                                                    15 Marks
Prescribed Books:
1.   Psychology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2.   Psychology, Class XII, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
PSYCHOLOGYCode No. 037CLASS-XII
Time: 3 HoursMax. Marks: 70
S.
No
Typology of QuestionsTesting CompetenciesLearning checks (LC)
(1 Mark)
Very Short Answer (VSA)
(2
Marks)
Short Answer-I (SA-I)
(3
Marks)
Short Answer- II (SA-II)
(4
Marks)
Long Answer (LA)
(6
Marks)
Total Marks%
Weight age
01Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define, or recite, information)· Reasoning
· Analytical Skills
· Critical Thinking Skills etc.
32212130%
02Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)41112130%
03Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)3121420%
04High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis& Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)410710%
05Evaluation- (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcomes110710%
TOTAL10×1= 106×2=124×3=126×4=242×6=1270(28)100%

To see the full specifications with in-depth details click here

Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Political Science 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Political Science 2018-19

22. POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028) CBSE
(2018-19)
Rationale
At the senior secondary level students who opt Political Science are given an opportunity to get introduced to the diverse concerns of a Political Scientist. At this level there is a need to enable students to engage with political processes that surround them and provide them with an understanding of the historical context that has shaped the present. The different courses introduce the students to the various streams of the discipline of Political Science: Political Theory, Indian Politics and International Politics. Concerns of the other two streams – Comparative Politics and Public Administration- are accommodated at different places in these courses. In introducing these streams, special care has been taken not to burden the students with the current jargon of the discipline. The basic idea here is to lay the foundations for a serious engagement
with the discipline at the under graduation stage.
Objectives:
Indian Constitution at Work
·   Enable students to understand the historical processes and the circumstances in which the Constitution
was drafted.
·   Provide opportunity for students to become familiar with the diverse visions that guided the makers of the Indian Constitution.
·   Enable students to identify certain key features of the Constitution and compare these to other constitutions in the world.
·   Analyse the ways in which the provisions of the Constitution have worked in real political life.
Political Theory
·   Develop the skills for logical reasoning and abstraction.
·   Inculcate attention to and respect for viewpoints other than one’s own.
·   Introduce students to the different political thinkers in relation to a concept and in everyday social life.
·   Enable students to meaningfully participate in and develop internal concerns of the political life that surrounds them.
·   Encourage the students to analyse any unexamined prejudices that one may have inherited.
Contemporary World Politics
·   Enable the students to expand their horizons beyond India and make sense of the political map of contemporary world.
·   Familiarise the students with some of the key political events and processes in the post cold war era.
·   Equip students to be conscious of the way in which global events and processes shape our everyday lives.
·   Strengthen their capacity for political analysis by thinking of contemporary developments in a historical perspective.
Politics in India after Independence
·   Enable students to become familiar with some of the key political events and figures in the post- independence period.
·   Develop skills of political analysis through an understanding of events and processes of recent history.
·   Develop their capacity to link macro processes with micro situations and their own life.
·   Encourage the students to take a historical perspective of making sense of contemporary India.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (028)
Class XI, 2018-19
One Paper                                                                                                                           Max Marks : 100
Time: 3 hrs.
UnitsPeriods: 220Marks: 100
Part A: Indian Constitution at work
1Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution1712
2Rights in the Indian Constitution16
3Election and Representation1110
4The Executive11
5The Legislature1110
6The Judiciary11
7Federalism1110
8Local Governments11
9Constitution as a living document118
Total11050
Part B: Political Theory
10Political Theory : An Introduction1010
11Freedom11
12Equality1110
13Social Justice12
14Rights1110
15Citizenship11
16Nationalism1110
17Secularism11
18Peace1110
19Development11
Total11050
CBSE COURSE CONTENT
Part A: Indian Constitution at Work
1. Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution                                             17 Periods
Consitution: Why and How, The making of the Constitution, the Constituent Assembly, Procedural achievements and Philosophy of the Constitution.
2.Rights in the Indian Constitution16 Periods
The importance of Rights, Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution, Directive Principles
of State Policy, Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
3.Election and Representation11 Periods
Elections and Democracy, Election System in India, Reservation of Constituencies, Free and
Fair Elections, Electoral Reforms
4.Legislature11 Periods
Why do we need a Parliament? Two Houses of Parliament. Functions and Power of the Parliament,
Legislative functions, control over Executive. Parliamentary committees. Self-regulation.
5.Executive11 Periods
What is an Executive? Different Types of Executive. Parliamentary Executive in India, Prime
Minister and Council of Ministers. Permanent Executive: Bureaucracy.
6.Judiciary11 Periods
Why do we need an Independent Judiciary? Structure of the Judiciary, Judicial Activism, Judiciary
and Rights, Judiciary and Parliament.
7.Federalism11 Periods
What is Federalism? Federalism in the Indian Constitution, Federalism with a strong
Central Government, conflicts in India’s federal system, Special Provisions.
8.Local Governments11 Periods
Why do we need Local Governments? Growth of Local Government in India, 73rd and 74th
Amendments, implementation of 73rd and 74th Amendments.
9.Constitution as a Living Document11 Periods
Are Constitutions static? The procedure to amend the Constitution. Why have there been so many
amendments? Basic Structure and Evolution of the Constitution. Constitution as a Living Document.
Part B: Political Theory
10.Political Theory: An Introduction10 Periods
What is Politics? What do we study in Political Theory? Putting Political Theory to practice.
Why should we study Politial Theory?
11.Freedom11 Periods
The Ideal of Freedom. What is Freedom? Why do we need constraints? Harm principle.
Negative and Positive Liberty.
12.Equality11 Periods
Significance of Equality. What is Equality? Various dimensions of Equality. How can we
promote Equality?
13.Social Justice12 Periods
What is Justice? Just Distribution. Justice as fairness. Pursuing Social Justice.
14.Rights11 Periods
What are Rights? Where do Rights come from? Legal Rights and the State. Kinds of Rights.
Rights and Responsibilities.
15.Citizenship11 Periods
What is citizenship? Citizen and Nation, Universal Citizenship, Global Citizenship
16.Nationalism11 Periods
Nations and Nationalism, National Self-determination, Nationalism and Pluralism
17.Secularism11 Periods
What is Secularism? What is Secular State? The Western and the Indian approaches to Secularism.
Criticisms and Rationale of Indian Secularism.
18.Peace11 Periods
What is Peace? Can violence ever promote peace? Peace and the State. Different Approaches to the
pursuit of peace. Contemporary challenges to peace.
19.Development11 Periods
What is development? Dominant, development Model and alternative conceptions
of development.
Prescribed Books:
1.   Indian Constitution at work, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2.   Political Theory, Class XI, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi and Urdu versions.
CBSE POLITICAL SCIENCEQUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
Code No. 028
CLASS-XI
Time: 3 HoursMax. Marks: 100
S.
No
Typology of QuestionsLearning Outcomes
& Testing Skills
Very Short Answer (1
Mark)
Very Short Answer (2
Marks)
Short Answer (4
Marks)
Long Answer I (5
Marks) based on Passages
Map Qus. Picture based inter- pretation (5 Marks)Long Answer II
(6
Marks)
Marks%
weig htage
1Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information)Reasoning Analytical
Skills Critical thinking
1222222%
2Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)22112121%
3Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations; Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)111122525%
4High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources) (includes Map interpretation)121112020%
5Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes)11111212%
Total1×5=52×5=104×6=245×3=155×2=106×6=36100100%
POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028)
CLASS XI (2018-19)
CBSE Question Paper Design
One Paper                                                                                                                                    100 Marks
Time: 3 hrs.
UnitsPeriodsMarks
1Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution1712
2Rights of the Indian Constitution16
3Election and Representation1110
4Executive11
5Legislature1110
6Judiciary11
7Federalism1110
8Local Governments11
9Constitution as a Living Document1108
Total11050
10Political Theory : An Introduction1010
11Freedom11
12Equality1110
13Social Justice12
14Rights1110
15Citizenship11
16Nationalism1110
17Secularism11
18Peace1110
19Development11
Total11050
3.     Weightage of Difficulty Level
Estimated difficulty levelPercentage
Difficult20%
Average50%
Easy30%
4.      Scheme of Options:
There is internal choice for long answer questions of 6 marks.
There are three passage – based questions of 5 marks each. No questions from plus (+) boxes.
5.     In order to assess different mental abilities of learners, question paper is likely to include questions
based on passages, visuals such as maps, cartoons, etc. No factual question will be asked on the information given in the plus (+) boxes in the textbooks.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028)
Class XII (2018-19)
One Paper                                                                                                                         Max. Marks: 100
Time: 3 hrs.
UnitsPeriodsMarks
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
1Cold War Era1414
2The End of bipolarity13
3US Hegemony in World Politics1316
4Alternative centres of Power11
5Contemporary South Asia13
6International Organizations1310
7Security in Contemporary World11
8Environment and Natural Resources1110
9Globalisation11
Total11050
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
10Challenges of Nation-Building1316
11Era of One-party Dominance12
12Politics of Planned Development11
13India’s External relations136
14Challenges to the Congress System1312
15Crisis of the Democratic Order13
16Rise of Popular Movements1116
17Regional aspirations11
18Recent Developments in Indian Politics13
Total11050
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
COURSE CONTENTS
1Cold War Era
Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war. Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order.
India and the cold war.
14
Periods
2The End of Bipolarity
New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries.
13
Periods
3US Hegemony in World Politics
Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq.
Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s renegotiation of its relationship
with the USA.
13
Periods
4Alternative Centres of Power
Rise of China as an economic power in post-Maoera, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India’s changing relations with China.
11
Periods
5Contemporary South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era
Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region. Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India’s relations with its neighbours.
13
Periods
6International Organizations
Restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of new international actors: new international economic organisations, NGOs. How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?
13
Periods
7Security in Contemporary World
Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Non-traditional or human security: global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration.
11
Periods
8Environment and Natural Resources
Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.
11
Periods
9Globalisation
Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of globalisation. Anti-globalisation movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.
11
Periods
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
10Challenges of Nation- Building
Nehru’s approach to nation-building; Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Organisation and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language.
13
Periods
11Era of One-Party Dominance
First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.
12
Peroids
12Politics of Planned Development
Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts.
11
Periods
13India’s External Relations
Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. India’s nuclear programme. Shifting alliance in world politics.
13
Periods
14Challenges to the Congress System
Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’.
13
Periods
15Crisis of the Democratic Order
Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organisations.
13
Periods
16Popular Movements in India
Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development-affected people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.
11
Periods
17Regional Aspirations
Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East.
11
Periods
18Recent Developments in Indian politics
Participatory upsurge in1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics. Coalition governments:
NDA (1998 – 2004)
UPA (2004 – 2014)
NDA (2014 onwards)
13
Periods
Prescribed Books:
1.   Contemporary World Politics, Class XII, Published by NCERT
2.   Politics in India since Independence, Class XII, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi and Urdu versions.
POLITICAL SCIENCE CBSEQUESTION PAPER DESIGN
Code No. 028
2018-19CLASS-XII
Time: 3 HoursMax. Marks: 100
S.
No
Typology of QuestionsLearning Outcomes & Testing SkillsVery Short Answer (1
Mark)
Very Short Answer

(2
Marks)
Short Answer (4
Marks)
Long Answer I (5
Marks)
based on Passages and Picutres
Map Question Picture based inter-
pretation (5 Marks)
Long Answer II
(6
Marks)
Marks%
weight age
1Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information)Reasoning Analytical Skills
Critical
thinking
1222222%
2Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)22112121%
3Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations; Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)111122525%
4High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of
sources) (includes Map interpretation)
121112020%
5Evaluation- (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes)11111212%
Total1×5=52×5=104×6=245×3=155×2=106×6=36100100%
Note: Care to be taken to cover all chapters.
The weightage or the distribution of marks over the different dimensions paper shall be as follows:-
1.      Weightage of Content
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
UnitsMarks
1Cold War Era14
2The End of Bipolarity
3US Hegemony in World Politics16
4Alternative Centres of Power
5Contemporary South Asia
6International Organizations10
7Security in Contemporary World
8Environment and Natural Resources10
9Globalization
Total50
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
UnitsMarks
10Challenges of Nation-Building16
11Era of One-Party Dominance
12Politics of Planned Development
13India’s External Relations6
14Challenges to the Congress System12
15Crisis of the Democratic Order
16Rise of Popular Movements16
17Regional Aspirations
18Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Total50
2.     Weightage of Difficulty Level
Estimated difficulty levelPercentage
Difficult20%
Average50%
Easy30%
3.      Scheme of Options:
There is internal choice for long answer questions. Map question has choice only with another map.
There are three passage-based or picture-based questions.
4.     In order to assess different mental abilities of learners, question paper is likely to include questions
based on passages, visuals such as maps, cartoons, etc. No factual question will be asked on the information given in the plus(+) boxes in the textbooks.

To see the full specifications with in-depth details click here

Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Physics 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Physics 2018-19

7. PHYSICS (Code No. 042) CBSE
Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general education to discipline-based
focus on curriculum. The present updated syllabus keeps in view the rigour and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus include:
·   Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
·   Emphasis on use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
·   Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkage for better learning.
·   Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
·   Promotion of process-skills, problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics concepts.
Besides, the syllabus also attempts to
·   strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm foundation for further learning in the subject.
·   expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and technological applications.
·   develop  process-skills  and  experimental,  observational,  manipulative,  decision  making  and investigatory skills in the learners.
·   promote problem solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
·   develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines.
PHYSICS (Code No. 042)
CBSE COURSE STRUCTURE
Class XI (Theory) (2018-19)
Time: 3 hrs.                                                                                                                          Max Marks: 70
No. of PeriodsMarks
Unit–IPhysical World and Measurement1020
Chapter–1: Physical World
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Unit-IIKinematics20
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Unit–IIILaws of Motion14
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Unit–IVWork, Energy and Power1217
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
Unit–VMotion of System of Particles and Rigid Body18
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Unit-VIGravitation12
Chapter–8: Gravitation
Unit–VIIProperties of Bulk Matter2016
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Unit–VIIIThermodynamics12
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Unit–IXBehaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory    of Gases08
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Unit–XMechanical waves and Ray Optics3417
Chapter–14: Oscillations and waves
Chapter–15: Ray optics
Total16070
Unit I:      Physical World and Measurement                                                         10 Periods
Chapter–1: Physical World
Physics-scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and
derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit II:     Kinematics                                                                                           20 Periods
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-
uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity – time and position-time graphs.
Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their
notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
Motion  in  a  plane,  cases  of  uniform  velocity  and  uniform  acceleration-projectile  motion,
uniform circular motion.
Unit III:    Laws of Motion                                                                                     14 Periods
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s
second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction,
lubrication.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on
a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV:   Work, Energy and Power                                                                       12 Periods
Chapter–6: Work, Engery and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of
mechanical  energy  (kinetic  and  potential  energies);  non-conservative  forces:  motion  in  a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V:     Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body                                       18 Periods
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.
Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and
its applications.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison
of linear and rotational motions.
Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical
objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Unit VI:   Gravitation                                                                                            12 Periods
Chapter–8: Gravitation
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a
satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.
Unit VII:   Properties of Bulk Matter                                                                     20 Periods
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear
modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic
brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Viscosity,  Stokes’  law,  terminal  velocity,  streamline  and  turbulent  flow,  critical  velocity,
Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved
surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Heat,  temperature,  thermal  expansion;  thermal  expansion  of  solids,  liquids  and  gases,
anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of
Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Green house effect.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics                                                                                  12 Periods
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work
and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.
Second  law  of  thermodynamics:  reversible  and  irreversible  processes,  Heat  engine  and refrigerator.
Unit IX:    Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases                      08 Periods
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit X:     Mechanical Waves and Ray Optics                                                        16 Periods
Chapter–14: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M)  and its equation; phase;  oscillations  of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.
Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves
in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.
Chapter–15: RAY OPTICS                                                                                         18 Periods
Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
Scattering of light – blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and
their magnifying powers.
CBSE PRACTICALS                                                                                                     Total Periods: 60
The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include:
·   Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 6 from each section], to be performed by the students.
·    Record of at least 5 Activities [with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teachers.
·   Report of the project to be carried out by the students.
CBSE EVALUATION SCHEME
Time Allowed: Three hoursMax. Marks: 30
Two experiments one from each section8+8 Marks
Practical record (experiment and activities)6 Marks
Investigatory Project3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities and project5 Marks
Total30 Marks
Experiments
SECTION–A
1.   To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth
of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.
2.   To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
3.   To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.
4.   To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
5.   To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
6.   To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.
7.   Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2  graph and use it to find the effective length of second’s pendulum.
8.   To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but
different masses and interpret the result.
9.   To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co-
efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
10.  To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting graph between force and sinθ.
Activities (for the purpose of demonstration only)
1.   To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm
2.   To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments
3.   To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars
4.   To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane
5.   To study the variation in range of a projectile with angle of projection
6.   To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane)
7.   To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude & time
Experiments
SECTION–B
1.   To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
2.   To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method
3.   To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body
4.   To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of mixtures
5.   a)   To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer
b) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.
6.   To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance
positions.
7.   To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.
8.   To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
9.   To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
10. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
Activities (for the purpose of demonstration only)
1.   To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
2.   To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.
3.   To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
4.   To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
5.   To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
6.   To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in
the middle.
7.   To observe the decrease in presure with increase in velocity of a fluid.
8.   To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
9.   To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
10. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students
Class XI
Note: Same Evaluation scheme and general guidelines for visually impaired students as given for Class XII
may be followed.
A.   Items for Identification/Familiarity of the apparatus for assessment in practicals (All experiments)
Spherical ball, Cylindrical objects, vernier calipers, beaker, calorimeter, Screw gauge, wire, Beam
balance, spring balance, weight box, gram and milligram weights, forceps, Parallelogram law of vectors apparatus, pulleys and pans used in the same ‘weights’ used, Bob and string used in a  simple pendulum, meter scale, split cork, suspension arrangement, stop clock/stop watch, Helical spring, suspension arrangement used, weights, arrangement used for measuring extension, Sonometer,
Wedges, pan and pulley used in it, ‘weights’ Tuning Fork, Meter scale, Beam balance, Weight box, gram and milligram weights, forceps, Resonance Tube, Tuning Fork, Meter scale, Flask/Beaker used for adding water.
B.    List of Practicals
1.    To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body using vernier calipers.
2.    To measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using vernier calipers
and hence find its volume.
3.    To measure diameter of given wire using screw gauge.
4.    To measure thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
5.    To determine the mass of a given object using a beam balance.
6.    To find the weight of given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
7.    Using a simple pendulum plot L-T and L-T2 graphs. Hence find the effective length of second’s pendulum using appropriate length values.
8.    To find the force constant of given helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
9.    (i) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension
using a sonometer.
(ii) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension, for constant frequency,
using a sonometer.
10.   To find the speed of sound in air, at room temperature, using a resonance tube, by observing the
two resonance positions.
Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.
Prescribed Books:
1.   Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
2.   Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
3.   Laboratory Manual of Physics, Class XI Published by NCERT
4.   The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).
PHYSICS (Code No. 042)
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN CLASS – XI (2018-19)
Time 3 Hours                                                                                                                      Max. Marks: 70
S.
.
Typology of QuestionsVery Short Answer (VSA)
(1 mark)
Short Answer-I (SA-I)
(2 marks)
Short Answer –II (SA-II)
(3 marks)
Long Answer (LA)
(5 marks)
Total Marks%
Weightage
1.Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, identify, define, or recite information)211710%
2Understanding- (Comprehension -to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)2412130%
3Application – (Use abstract – information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)2412130%
4Higher Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of                information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)2111014%
5Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or
worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)
1221116%
TOTAL5×1=57×2=1412×3=363×5=1570(27)100%
Question Wise Break Up
Type of QuestionMark per QuestionTotal No. of QuestionsTotal Marks
VSA1505
SA-I2714
SA-II31236
LA5315
Total2770
1.   Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there is an internal choice in one
question of 2 marks weightage, one question of 3 marks weightage and all the three questions of 5 marks weightage.
2.   The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar
templates keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.
CLASS XII (2018-19)
(THEORY)
Time: 3 hrs.                                                                                                                          Max Marks: 70
No. of PeriodsMarks
Unit–IElectrostatics2215
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit-IICurrent Electricity20
Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Unit-IIIMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism2216
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit-IVElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents20
Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit–VElectromagnetic Waves0417
Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit–VIOptics25
Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit–VIIDual Nature of Radiation and Matter0810
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit–VIIIAtoms and Nuclei14
Chapter–12: Atoms
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit–IXElectronic Devices1512
Chapter–14:   Semiconductor   Electronics:   Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Unit–XCommunication Systems10
Chapter–15: Communication Systems
Total16070
Unit I:          Electrostatics                                                                                                                        22 Periods
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges,
forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit II:         Current Electricity                                                                                                               20 Periods
Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
Unit III:    Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism                                          22 Periods
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to
ammeter and voltmeter.
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia- and ferro – magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.
Unit IV:    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents                            20 Periods
Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.
Unit V:     Electromagnetic waves                                                                        04 Periods
Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Basic  idea  of  displacement  current,  Electromagnetic  waves,  their  characteristics,  their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).
Electromagnetic spectrum  (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
Unit VI:    Optics                                                                                                  25 Periods
Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
Scattering of light – blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope, polarisation,
plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.
Unit VII:   Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter                                                    08 Periods
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Dual  nature  of  radiation,  Photoelectric  effect,  Hertz  and  Lenard’s  observations;  Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
Matter  waves-wave  nature  of  particles,  de-Broglie  relation,  Davisson-Germer  experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).
Unit VIII:   Atoms and Nuclei                                                                                 14 Periods
Chapter–12: Atoms
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
Unit IX:    Electronic Devices                                                                                15 Periods
Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;
Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Junction  transistor,  transistor  action,  characteristics  of  a  transistor  and  transistor  as  an
amplifier (common emitter configuration), basic idea of analog and digital signals, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).
Unit X:     Communication Systems                                                                       10 Periods
Chapter–15: Communication Systems
Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, satellite communication. Need for modulation,
amplitude modulation.
PRACTICALS                                                                                              (Total Periods 60)
The record to be submitted by the students at the time of their annual examination has to include:
Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 6 from each section], to be performed by the students.
Record of at least 5 Activities [with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B], to be demonstrated by the teachers.
The Report of the project to be carried out by the students.
Evaluation Scheme
Time Allowed: Three hours                                                                                                 Max. Marks: 30
Two experiments one from each section8+8 Marks
Practical record [experiments and activities]6 Marks
Investigatory Project3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities and project5 Marks
Total30 marks
Experiments
SECTION–A
1.   To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current.
2.   To find resistance of a given wire using metre bridge and hence determine the resistivity (specific resistance) of its material.
3.   To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge.
4.   To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.
5.   To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using potentiometer.
6.   To determine the internal resistance of given primary cell using potentiometer.
7.   To determine resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure ofmerit.
8.   To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same.
9.   To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same.
10. To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer.
Activities
(For the purpose of demonstration only)
1.   To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron core.
2.   To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using multimeter.
3.   To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source.
4.   To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
5.   To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady current.
6. To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit diagram.
SECTION–B
Experiments
1.     To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focallength.
2.     To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.
3.     To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and1/v.
4.     To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
5.     To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
6.     To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
7.     To find refractive index of a liquid by using convex lens and plane mirror.
8.     To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction in forward bias and reverse bias.
9.     To draw the characteristic curve of a zener diode and to determine its reverse break downvoltage.
10.   To study the characteristic of a common – emitter npn or pnp transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains.
Activities
(For the purpose of demonstration only)
1.   To identify a diode, an LED, a transistor, an IC, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
2.   Use of multimeter to (i) identify base of transistor, (ii) distinguish between npn and pnp type transistors,
(iii) see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED, (iv) check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode, transistor or IC) is in working order.
3.   To study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an LDR.
4.   To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
5.   To observe polarization of light using two Polaroids.
6.   To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
7.   To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from thelens/mirror).
8.   To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.
Suggested Investigatory Projects
1.   To study various factors on which the internal resistance/EMF of a cell depends.
2.   To study the variations in current flowing in a circuit containing an LDR because of a variation in
(a) the power of the incandescent lamp, used to ‘illuminate’ the LDR (keeping all the lamps at a fixed distance).
(b) the distance of a incandescent lamp (of fixed power) used to ‘illuminate’ the LDR.
3.   To find the refractive indices of (a) water (b) oil (transparent) using a plane mirror, an equi convex lens (made from a glass of known refractive index) and an adjustable object needle.
4.   To design an appropriate logic gate combination for a given truth table.
5.   To investigate the relation between the ratio of (i) output and input voltage and (ii) number of turns in the
secondary coil and primary coil of a self designed transformer.
6.   To investigate the dependence of the angle of deviation on the angle of incidence using a hollow prism filled one by one, with different transparent fluids.
7.   To estimate the charge induced on each one of the two identical styrofoam (or pith) balls suspended in a vertical plane by making use of Coulomb’s law.
8.   To set up a common base transistor circuit and to study its input and output characteristic and to calculate its current gain.
9.   To study the factor on which the self inductance of a coil depends by observing the effect of this coil, when put in series with a resistor/(bulb) in a circuit fed up by an A.C. source of adjustable frequency.
10. To construct a switch using a transistor and to draw the graph between the input and output voltage and mark the cut-off, saturation and active regions.
11. To study the earth’s magnetic field using a tangent galvanometer.
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students of Classes XI and XII
Evaluation Scheme
Time Allowed: Two hours                                                                                                    Max. Marks: 30
Identification/Familiarity with the apparatus5 marks
Written test (based on given/prescribed practicals)10 marks
Practical Record5 marks
Viva10 marks
Total30 marks
General Guidelines
The practical examination will be of two hour duration.
A separate list of ten experiments is included here.
The written examination in practicals for these students will be conducted at the time of practical examination of all other students.
The written test will be of 30 minutes duration.
The question paper given to the students should be legibly typed. It should contain a total of 15 practical skill based very short answer type questions. A student would be required to answer any 10 questions.
A writer may be allowed to such students as per CBSE examination rules.
All questions included in the question papers should be related to the listed practicals. Every question should require about two minutes to be answered.
These students are also required to maintain a practical file. A student is expected to record at least five of the listed experiments as per the specific instructions for each subject. These practicals should be duly checked and signed by the internal examiner.
The format of writing any experiment in the practical file should include aim, apparatus required, simple theory, procedure, related practical skills, precautions etc.
Questions may be generated jointly by the external/internal examiners and used for assessment.
The viva questions may include questions based on basic theory/principle/concept, apparatus/ materials/chemicals required, procedure, precautions, sources of error etc.
Class XII
A.  Items for Identification/ familiarity with the apparatus for assessment in practicals (All experiments)
Meter scale, general shape of the voltmeter/ammeter, battery/power supply, connecting wires, standard resistances, connecting wires, voltmeter/ammeter, meter bridge, screw gauge, jockey Galvanometer, Resistance Box, standard Resistance, connecting wires, Potentiometer, jockey, Galvanometer, Lechlanche cell, Daniell cell [simple distinction between the two vis-à-vis their outer (glass and copper) containers], rheostat connecting wires, Galvanometer, resistance box, Plug-in and tapping keys, connecting wires battery/power supply, Diode, Transistor, IC, Resistor (Wire-wound or carbon ones with two wires connected to two ends), capacitors (one or two types), Inductors, Simple electric/electronic bell, battery/power supply, Plug-in and tapping keys, Convex lens, concave lens, convex  mirror,  concave  mirror,  Core/hollow  wooden  cylinder,  insulated  wire,  ferromagnetic  rod,
Transformer core, insulated wire.
B.  List of Practicals
1.   To determine the resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph between voltage and current.
2.   To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel combination) of resistances by Ohm’s law.
3.   To find the resistance of a given wire using a meter bridge and hence determine the specific resistance (resistivity) of its material.
4.   To compare the e.m.f of two given primary cells using a potentiometer.
5.   To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
6.   To identify a
(i)     diode, transistor and IC
(ii)    resistor, capacitor and inductor, from a mixed collection of such items.
7.   To understand the principle of (i) a NOT gate (ii) an OR gate (iii)an AND gate and to make their equivalent circuits using a bell and cells/battery and keys /switches.
8.   To observe the difference between
(i)  a convex lens and a concave lens
(ii) a convex mirror and a concave mirror and to estimate the likely difference between the power of two given convex /concave lenses.
9.   To design an inductor coil and to know the effectof
(i)  change in the number of turns
(ii) introduction of ferromagnetic material as its core material on the inductance of thecoil.
10. To design a (i) step up (ii) step down transformer on a given core and know the relation between its input and output voltages.
Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.
Prescribed Books:
1.   Physics, Class XI, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
2.   Physics, Class XII, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
3.   Laboratory Manual of Physics for class XII Published by NCERT.
4.   The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).
PHYSICS (Code No. 042)
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN CLASS – XII (2018-19)
Time 3 Hours                                                                                                                       Max. Marks: 70
S.
No.
Typology of QuestionsVery Short Answer (VSA)
(1 mark)
Short Answer-I (SA-I)
(2 marks)
Short Answer –II (SA-II) (3
marks)
Long Answer (LA)
(5 marks)
Total Marks%
Weightage
1.Remembering – (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know
specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define, or recite, information)
211710%
2Understanding – (Comprehension -to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)2412130%
3Application – (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)2412130%
4High Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)2111014%
5Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)1221116%
TOTAL5×1=57×2=1412×3=363×5=1570(27)100%
QUESTION WISE BREAK UP
Type of QuestionMark per QuestionTotal No. of QuestionsTotal Marks
VSA1505
SA-I2714
SA-II31236
LA5315
Total2770
1.    Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there is an internal choice in one question of 2
marks weightage, one question of 3 marks weightage and all the three questions of 5 marks weightage.
2.    The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates
keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.

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Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Physical Education 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Physical Education 2018-19

PHYSICAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM (2018–19) Class XI CBSE
Theory                                                                                                       Max. Marks 70
Unit I Changing Trends & Career In Physical Education
·      Meaning & definition of Physical Education
·      Aims & Objectives of Physical Education
·      Changing trends in Physical Education
·      Various Physical Education Courses available in India
·      Career Options in Physical Education
·      Soft skills required for different careers
Unit II Olympic Movement
·      Ancient & Modern Olympics (Summer & Winter)
·      Olympic Symbols, Ideals, Objectives & Values
·      International Olympic Committee
·      Indian Olympic Association
·      Dronacharya Award,  Arjuna Award & Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award
·      Organisational set-up of CBSE Sports & Chacha Nehru Sports Award
Unit III Physical Fitness, Wellness & Lifestyle
·              Meaning & Importance Of Physical Fitness, Wellness & Lifestyle
·              Components of physical fitness
·              Components of Health related fitness
·              Components of wellness
·              Preventing Health Threats Through Lifestyle Change
·              Concept of Positive Lifestyle
Unit IV Physical Education & Sports for CWSN (Children With Special Needs- Divyang)
·      Aims & objectives of Adaptive Physical Education
·     Organization promoting Adaptive Sports (Special Olympics Bharat; Paralympics; Deaflympics)
·      Concept and need of Integrated Physical Education
·      Concept of Inclusion, its need and Implementation
·      Role of various professionals for children with special needs
(Counsellor,  Occupational  Therapist,  Physiotherapist,  Physical  Education  Teacher, Speech Therapist & special Educator)
Unit V Yoga
·      Meaning & Importance of Yoga
·      Elements of Yoga
·      Introduction – Asanas, Pranayam, Meditation & Yogic Kriyas
·     Yoga for concentration & related Asanas (Sukhasana; Tadasana; Padmasana & Shashankasana)
·    Relaxation Techniques for improving concentration – Yog-nidra
Unit VI Physical Activity & Leadership Training
·      Concept of Physical Activity & Inactivity
·      Leadership Qualities & Role of a Leader
·      Behaviour change stages for physical activity (Pre-contemplation; Contemplation; Planning; Active; Maintenance)
·      Creating leaders through Physical Education
·      Meaning, objectives & types of Adventure Sports (Rock Climbing, Tracking, River Rafting, Mountaineering, Surfing and Para Gliding
·      Safety measures during physical activity and adventure sports
Unit VII Test, Measurement & Evaluation
·      Define Test, Measurement & Evaluation
·      Importance Of Test, Measurement & Evaluation In Sports
·      Calculation Of BMI & Waist – Hip Ratio
·     Somato Types (Endomorphy, Mesomorphy & Ectomorphy)
·      Procedures Of Anthropomatric Measurement – Height, Weight, Arm & Leg Length
Unit VIII Fundamentals Of Anatomy & Physiology
·      Define Anatomy, Physiology & Its Importance
·      Function Of Skeleton System, Classification of Bones & Types of Joints
·      Properties of Muscles
·      Function & Structure Of Muscles
·      Function & Structure Of Respiratory System, Mechanism of Respiration
·      Structure Of Heart & Introduction to Circulatory System
·      Oxygen debt, second-wind
Unit IX Kinesiology, Biomechanics & Sports
·      Meaning & Importance of Kinesiology & Biomechanics in Phy. Edu. & Sports
·      Concept of Musculoskeletal System
·      Joints – Articulation of Bones (Neck, Shoulder, Elbow, Hip and Knees)
·      Major Muscles around the Joints (Neck, Shoulder, Elbow, Hip and Knees)
·      Levers & Its Types and its application in sports
·      Equilibrium – Dynamic & Static And Centre of Gravity and its application in sports
Unit X  Psychology & Sports
·      Definition & Importance of Psychology in Phy. Edu. & Sports
·      Define & Differentiate Between Growth & Development
·      Developmental Characteristics At Different Stage of Development
·      Adolescent Problems & Their Management
·      Define Learning, Laws Of Learning (Law of Readiness; Law of Effect & Law of Exercise) & Transfer of Learning
·      Emotion: Concept, Type & Controlling of emotion
Unit XI Training In Sports
·      Meaning & Concept of Sports Training
·      Principles of Sports Training
·      Warming up & limbering down
·      Load, Symptoms of Over-load, Adaptation & Recovery
·      Skill, Technique & Style
·      Role of Free-play in the development of Motor Component
Unit XII Doping
·      Concept & classification of doping
·      Prohibited Substances & Methods
·      Athletes Responsibilities
·    Side Effects Of Prohibited Substances
·      Ergogenic aids & doping in sports
·    Doping control procedure
Practical                                                                                                    Max. Marks 30
01. Physical Fitness (AAHPER)                                                                                                     –  10 Marks
02. Skill of any one Individual Game of choice from the given list**                                             –  10 Marks
03. Viva                                                                                                                                     –  05 Marks
04. Record File***                                                                                                                       –  05 Marks
**Archery, Badminton, Gymnastics, Judo, Swimming, Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Tennis and Bocce
***Record File shall include:
Practical-1: Labelled diagram of 400 M Track & Field with computations.
Practical-2: Computation of BMI from family or neighbourhood & graphical representation of the data. Practical-3: Labelled diagram of field & equipment of any one game of your choice out of the above list.
Practical-4: Explanation & list of current National Awardees (Dronacharya Award, Arjuna Award & Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award)
Practical-5: Pictorial presentation of any five Asanas for improving concentration.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM (2018-19) Class XII
Theory                                                                                                       Max. Marks 70
Unit I Planning in Sports
·      Meaning & Objectives Of Planning
·      Various Committees & its Responsibilities (pre; during & post)
·      Tournament – Knock-Out, League Or Round Robin & Combination
·      Procedure To Draw Fixtures – Knock-Out (Bye & Seeding) & League (Staircase & Cyclic)
·      Intramural & Extramural – Meaning, Objectives & Its Significance
·      Specific Sports Programme (Sports Day, Health Run, Run For Fun, Run For Specific Cause & Run For Unity)
Unit II Sports & Nutrition
·      Balanced Diet & Nutrition: Macro & Micro Nutrients
·     Nutritive & Non-Nutritive Components Of Diet
·     Eating For Weight Control – A Healthy Weight, The Pitfalls Of Dieting, Food Intolerance & Food Myths
·      Sports nutrition & its effect on performance (fluid & meal intake, pre, during & post competition)
·      Food supplement for children
Unit III Yoga & Lifestyle
·     Asanas as preventive measures
·    Obesity: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Vajrasana, Hastasana, Trikonasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana
·    Diabetes: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana, Pavan Muktasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana
·    Asthema: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Sukhasana, Chakrasana, Gomukhasana, Parvatasana, Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana, Matsyasana
·    Hypertension: Tadasana, Vajrasana, Pavan Muktasana, Ardha Chakrasana, Bhujangasana, Sharasana
·    Back Pain: Tadasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana, Vakrasana, Shalabhasana, Bhujangasana
Unit IV Physical Education & Sports for CWSN (Children With Special Needs – Divyang)
·     Concept of Disability & Disorder
·    Types of Disability, its causes & nature (cognitive disability, intellectual disability, physical disability)
·     Types of Disorder, its cause & nature (ADHD, SPD, ASD, ODD, OCD)
·     Disability Etiquettes
·    Advantage of Physical Activities for children with special needs
·    Strategies to make Physical Activities assessable for children with special need.
Unit V Children & Sports
·      Motor development & factors affecting it
·      Exercise Guidelines at different stages of growth & Development
·      Advantages & disadvantages of weight training
·      Concept & advantages of Correct Posture
·      Causes of Bad Posture
·     Common Postural Deformities – Knock Knee; Flat Foot; Round Shoulders; Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bow Legs and Scolioses
·     Corrective Measures for Postural Deformities
Unit VI Women & Sports
·      Sports participation of women in India
·      Special consideration (Menarch & Menstural Disfunction)
·     Female Athletes Triad (Oestoperosis, Amenoria, Eating Disorders)
·      Psychological aspects of women athlete
·     Sociological aspects of sports participation
Unit VII Test & Measurement in Sports
o Computation of Fat Percentage –
Slaughter – Lohman Children Skinfold Formula:
Triceps & Calf Skinfold (Male 6 to 17 yrs – % body fat = (0.735 X sum of skinfold) + 1.0 (Female 6 to 17 yrs – % body fat = (0.610 X sum of skinfold) + 5.0
o Measurement of Muscular Strength – Kraus Weber Test
o Motor Fitness Test – AAPHER
o General Motor Fitness – Barrow three item general motor ability (Standing Broad Jump, Zig Zag Run, Medicine Ball Put – For Boys: 03 Kg & For Girls: 01 Kg)
o Measurement of Cardio Vascular Fitness – Harvard Step Test/Rockport Test – Computation of Fitness Index:         Duration of the Exercise in Seconds x 100
5.5 x Pulse count of 1-1.5 Min after Exercise
o  Rikli & Jones – Senior Citizen Fitness Test 1. Chair Stand Test for lower body strength
2. Arm Curl Test for upper body strength
3. Chair Sit & Reach Test for lower body flexibility
4. Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility
5. Eight Foot Up & Go Test for agility
6. Six Minute Walk Test for Aerobic Endurance
Unit VIII  Physiology & Sports
·    Gender differences in physical & physiological parameters.
·    Physiological factor determining component of Physical Fitness
·     Effect of exercise on Cardio Vascular System
·     Effect of exercise on Respiratory System
·     Effect of exercise on Muscular System
·     Physiological changes due to ageing
·    Role of physical activity maintaining functional fitness in aged population
Unit IX Sports Medicine
·     Concept, Aims & Scope of Sports Medicine
·    Sports injuries: Classification, Causes & Prevention
·     First Aid – Aims & Objectives
·     Management of Injuries:
Soft Tissue Injuries:
(Abrasion, Contusion, Laceration, Incision, Sprain & Strain)
Bone & Joint Injuries:
(Dislocation, Fractures: Stress Fracture, Green Stick, Communated, Transverse Oblique  & Impacted)
Unit X Kinesiology, Biomechanics & Sports
·     Introduction to Axes & Planes
·    Types of movements (Flexion, Extension, Adbuction & Adduction)
·    Major Muscles involved in running, jumping & throwing
·     Newton’s Law of Motion & its application in sports
·    Projectile & factors affecting Projectile Trajectory
·     Friction & Sports
Unit XI Psychology & Sports
·    Understanding Stress & Coping Strategies (Problem Focussed & Emotional Focussed)
·     Personality; its definition & types – Trait & Types (Sheldon & Jung Classification) & Big Five Theory
·     Motivation, its type & techniques
·    Exercise Adherence; Reasons to Exercise, Benefits of Exercise
·    Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
·     Meaning, Concept & Types of Aggressions in Sports
Unit XII Training in Sports
·      Strength – Definition, types & methods of improving Strength – Isometric, Isotonic & Isokinetic
·      Endurance – Definition, types & methods to develop Endurance – Continuous Training, Interval Training & Fartlek Training
·     Speed – Definition, types & methods to develop Speed – Acceleration Run & Pace Run
·     Flexibility – Definition, types & methods to improve flexibility
·     Coordinative Abilities – Definition & types
·     Circuit Training – Introduction & its importance
Practical                                                                                                    Max. Marks 30
01. Physical Fitness – AAHPER                                                                                        – 10 Marks
02. Skills of any one Team Game of choice from the given list*                                      – 10 Marks
03. Viva                                                                                                                        – 05 Marks
04. Record File**                                                                                                           – 05 Marks
*Athletics,  Basketball,  Football,  Handball,  Hockey,  Kho  Kho,  Rifle  Shooting,  Volleyball  and
Unified Basketball [CWSN (Children With Special Needs – Divyang)]
**Record File shall include:
Practical-1:Modified AAHPER administration for all items. Practical-2: Conduct Barrow 3 Item Test on 10 students.
Practical-3: Procedure for Asanas, Benefits & Contraindication for any two Asanas for each lifestyle disease. Practical-4: Procedure for administering Senior Citizen Fitness Test for 5 elderly family members.
Practical-5:  Any  one  game  of  your  choice  out  of  the  list  above.  Labelled  diagram  of  field  &  equipment  (Rules, Terminologies & Skills).
Note:
01.  It is suggested that Unit No. III & VII may be taught by following the Principle of
Learning by Doing.
02. Content is designed to complete the syllabus between 120-140 periods.

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