Ireland People and Society

IRELAND

Ireland Population:

5,068,050 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 121

Ireland Nationality:

noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)

adjective: Irish

Ireland Ethnic groups:

Irish 82.2%, Irish travelers 0.7%, other white 9.5%, Asian 2.1%, black 1.4%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)

Ireland Languages:

English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland’s western coast known as gaeltachtai, which are officially recognized regions where Irish is the predominant language)

Ireland Religions:

Roman Catholic 78.3%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Orthodox 1.3%, Muslim 1.3%, other 2.4%, none 9.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)

Ireland Age structure:

0-14 years: 21.37% (male 554,110 /female 529,067)

15-24 years: 11.92% (male 306,052 /female 297,890)

25-54 years: 42.86% (male 1,091,495 /female 1,080,594)

55-64 years: 10.53% (male 267,255 /female 266,438)

65 years and over: 13.32% (male 312,694 /female 362,455) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Ireland Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 53.8 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 33.4 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 20.3 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 4.9 (2015 est.)

Ireland Median age:

total: 37.1 years

male: 36.8 years

female: 37.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

Ireland Population growth rate:

1.11% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 98

Ireland Birth rate:

13.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 137

Ireland Death rate:

6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 140

Ireland Net migration rate:

4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

Ireland Population distribution:

population distribution is weighted to the eastern side of the island, with the largest concentration being in and around Dublin; populations in the west are small due to mountainous land, poorer soil, lack of good transport routes, and fewer job opportunities

Ireland Urbanization:

urban population: 63.2% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 1.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Ireland Major urban areas – population:

1.201 million DUBLIN (capital) (2018)

Ireland Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Ireland Mother’s mean age at first birth:

30.7 years (2015 est.)

Ireland Maternal mortality rate:

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 158

Ireland Infant mortality rate:

total: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 197

Ireland Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 81 years

male: 78.7 years

female: 83.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35

Ireland Total fertility rate:

1.96 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 125

Ireland Contraceptive prevalence rate:

73.3% (2010)

note: percent of women aged 18-45

Ireland Health expenditures:

7.8% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 60

Ireland Physicians density:

3.09 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Ireland Hospital bed density:

2.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)

Ireland Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 97.9% of population

rural: 97.8% of population

total: 97.9% of population

unimproved:

urban: 2.1% of population

rural: 2.2% of population

total: 2.1% of population (2015 est.)

Ireland Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 89.1% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 92.9% of population (2015 est.)

total: 90.5% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 10.9% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 7.1% of population (2015 est.)

total: 9.5% of population (2015 est.)

Ireland HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.2% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

Ireland HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

7,200 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

Ireland HIV/AIDS – deaths:

<100 (2017 est.)

Ireland Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

25.3% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 51

Ireland Education expenditures:

3.8% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 120

Ireland School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 19 years

male: 19 years

female: 19 years (2016)

Ireland Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 14.4%

male: 16%

female: 12.6% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 99


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

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