Lord Dalhousie (1849 – 56) in Indian History: Introduced the policy of ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ Indian states annexed through the Doctrine of Lapse were Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849) Baghatpur (1850), Udaipur (1852) Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854). Introduced the Woods Despatch known as the Magnacarta of English Education in India prepared by Charles […]
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Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835 – 36) in Indian History: Abolished restriction on press He is called the ‘‘Liberator of Press’’ First Afghan war was started during the Governor Generalship of Lord Auckland. Slavery was abolished by Governor general Lord Ellenborough.
Lord William Bentinck (1828- 35) in Indian History: First Governor General of India by the government of India Act of 1833. Known as benevolent Governor General. Banned the practice of Sati in 1829. Suppressed Tughi in 1830. Banned female infanticide. Created the province of Agra in 1834. Made English to be the court language in […]
Lord Hastings (1813-23) in Indian History: He was made Marques of Hastings due to his success in the Gorkhar war or the Anglo Nepalis war. He abolished the Peshwaship and annexed his territories to the Bombay presidency after the third Anglo-Maratha war (1818) Introduced the Ryotwari System in Madras presidency by Governor Thomas Munroe in […]
Lord Minto (1807-1813) in Indian History: Signed the treaty of Amritsar in 1809 between Ranjith Singh of Punjab and the English.
Lord Wellesley (1793 – 1798) in Indian History: Described himself as Bengali Tiger. He created the Madras presidency. Introduced the system of Subsidiary Alliance. The first state to sign the Subsidiary Alliance system was Hyderabad in 1798. Then Mysore, Tanjore, Awadh, Peshwar, Bhonsle, Sindhia, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Mecheri, Bundi, Bharatpur and Berar signed the subsidiary treaty. […]
Lord Cornwallis (1786 – 93) in Indian History: He introduced Permanent settlement in 1793. The Police system was introduced in India. Cornwallis Code was introduced. It was based on the separation of powers
Executors of British Policies in Indian History: Warren Hastings : (1772-85) He introduced quinquennial settlement of land revenue in 1772. He codified the Hindu and Muslim laws. He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with the help of William Jones in 1784. The trial of Maharaja Nandakumar (1775) and his Judicial Murder was during the […]
Subsidiary Alliance system and other Policies in Indian History: Subsidiary Alliance System was used by Wellesley to bring Indian States within the orbit of British political power. First Indian ruler to join the Subsidiary Alliance System was the Nizam of Hyderabad. Lord Wellesley is consdiered as the ‘Akbar of English East India Company’ by Marshman. […]
Maratha Wars in Indian History: First Anglo Maratha war (1775-82) It ended by the treaty of Salbai. Second Anglo-Maratha War was from 1803 to 1805. The treaty of Bassein was signed between the last Peshwa Baji RaoII and the English in 1802. The second Maratha War was ended by the treaty of Rajghat, 1806. The third […]