Literary Activities in Ancient India

Literary Activities in Ancient India:

  • Ashtadhyayi by Panini (5th C.BC) the earliest grammar book also called Bhagavati Sutra.
  • Mahabhashya was written by Patanjali.
  • Manusmriti was a law book composed between 200 BC and 200AD.
  • Arthashastra by Kautilya deals with statecrafts is a major source of Mauryan administration.
  • Indica by ‘Megastenes’ is a source of Mauryan society and administration.
  • Chandsutra was written by Pingala.
  • Buddhacharita by Aswaghosha is the earliest biography of Buddha. It was written in Pali language.
  • Raghuvamsa by Kalidasa is an epic based on Mahabharata.
  • Naishad Charita by Sri Harsha contains story of Nala and Damayanti.

Drama:

  • Natyashastra by Bharatamuni is the earliest known work in Sanskrit.
  • Malavikagnimithram, Vikramorvashiyan and Abhinjana Syakuntalam are dramas written by Kalidasa.
  • Ratnavali, Nagananda and Priyadarshika are dramas written by Harshavardhana.

Lyric Poetry:

  • Meghadutam by Kalidasa
  • Srinagarashataka, Nitishataka and Vairagyasataka were written by Bhartrihari
  • Gita Govinda was written by Jayadeva.

Historical writing:

  • Harshacharita – Written by Banabhatta
  • Vikramamangadeva charita – written by Bilhana

Prose Literature:

Dasakumaracharitam…………………… Dandin

Vasavadatta ……………………………….. Subandu
Brihat Kathamanjari …………….. Kshemendra
Kathasaritsagara ……………………… Somadeva
Panchathantra ……………………. Vishnusharma
Hitopadesha ……………………… Narayan Pandit
Kamasutra and Arya Manjushree ….. Vatsyayana
Pavandhoot …………………………………… Dhoyi
Swapna Vasavadatta ……………………….. Bhasa
Matavilasa Prahasana …….Mahendravarman I
Si-yu-ki ………………………………. Hiuen Tsang
Fo-kuoki ……………………………………. Fa-hien
Panchasidhantika …………………… Varahamihir
Suryasidhantika and Aryabhatiyam….Aryabhatta
Nitisara ………………………………… Kamandaka
Charak Samhita …………………………. Charaka
Hastayurveda …………………………….. Palkapya
Mitakshara …………………………… Vigneswara
Dayabhaga ………………………….. Jimutavahana
Sidhanta Siromani ……………. Bhaskaracharya
Nighantu ……………………………… Dhanvantari
Mudrarakshasa ……………………. Vishakadatta
Prabhanda Chintamani ………….. Meruthunga
Geography of India ………………………. Ptolemy
Brihat Kathakosh ………………………. Harisena
Mrichakatika …………………………….. Sudraka
Prithviraj Vijaya ………………………… Jayanak
Nala Vemba …………………………….. Pugalendi