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NEET UG 2014 Final Core Syllabus Biology

 NEET UG 2014 is replaced by AIPMT 2014; Click here for details

BIOLOGY

Contents of  Class  XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species  and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical  gardens.
  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens;  Viruses and Viroids.
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and  Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiospermsclassification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five  salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf,  inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical  Syllabus).
  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and  reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell  envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum,  Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles  (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids;  Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
  • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active  transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata;  Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases  (brief mention).
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;  Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological  nitrogen fixation.
  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in  Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and  photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport  system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth;  Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulatorsauxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

UNIT IV: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones;  Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and  fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and  its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related  to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function;  Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation;  Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart  failure.
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory systemstructure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor,  ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis  and artificial kidney.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle  contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of  muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous  system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary  structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal,  Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as  messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly,  Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

(Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)

Contents of Class XII Syllabus (Biology)

UNIT I: Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of  reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule,  fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types,  agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis,  parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesisspermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation;  Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need  and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted  reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple  alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of  inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked  inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans;  Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA  packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac  Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative  anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of  evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene  flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia,  common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug  and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal  husbandry.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as  biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

UNIT  IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically  modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT  V: Ecology and environment

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism,  competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy;  Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen  release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of  Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves,  National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion;  Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

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NEET UG 2014 Final Core Syllabus Chemistry

 NEET UG 2014 is replaced by AIPMT 2014; Click here for details

CHEMISTRY

Contents of Class XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.
  • Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
  • Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular  formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

UNIT II: Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s  relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for  filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms,  stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii,  ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence  bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and  shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only).  Hydrogen bond.

UNIT  V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of  elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of  gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds  (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

  UNIT  VI : Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H,  Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation  phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

UNIT  VII: Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium  constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and  weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts  (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of  loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.

UNIT  IX: Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and  chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure;

UNIT  X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

  • Group I and group 2 elements:
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group,  diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium  and potassium.
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

UNIT  XI: Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
  • Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,  trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds:  borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
  • General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,  trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical  properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

UNIT  XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature  of organic compounds.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons
  • Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free  radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of  preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and  peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions:  acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties:  mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation;  directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

UNIT  XIV: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric  pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of  environmental pollution.

Contents  of  Class  XII Syllabus (Chemistry)

UNIT  I: Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and  crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit  cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical  and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT  II: Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions,  colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing  point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van  Hoff factor.

UNIT  III: Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with  concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and  Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and  EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

UNIT  IV: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst;  order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for  zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation  energy, Arrhenious equation.

UNIT  V: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and  heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and  suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect,  Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT  VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and  principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT  VII: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and  chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only);  Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 )  and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and  chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms;  compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process  of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and  chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid,  interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties,  uses.

UNIT  VIII: d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first  row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property,  magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its  consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC  nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory  VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

UNIT  X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions.  Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds  only).
  • Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

 UNIT  XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification  of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and  ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic  substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

UNIT  XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical  properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

UNIT  XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,  identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT  XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration,  oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
  • Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure,  tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins- Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

UNIT  XV: Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some  important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable  polymers.

UNIT  XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics,  antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

 

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NEET UG 2014 Final Core Syllabus Physics

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PHYSICS

                            Contents  Class  XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and  time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion,  average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for  uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and  displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real  number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile  motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle  on banked road). UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two  dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid  body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational  motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of  parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with  altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary  satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity,  poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s  theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops,  bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat  capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation,  Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First  law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of  equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path. UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM)  and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential  energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative  ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.  Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and  harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Contents  of  Class  XII  Syllabus

UNIT I: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges;  superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly  charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges:  equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic  field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization,  capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with  and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. UNIT II: Current Electricity
  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric  current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of  resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  •  Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing  mf of two cells;  measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge  in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current  sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.  Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a  magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;  Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations  (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary  facts about their uses.

UNIT VI: Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical  fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens,  combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and  hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of  plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be  omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.  Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect;  binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V  characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener  diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as  an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a  switch.

 

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 PHYSICS

                               Contents  Class  XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and  time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion,  average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for  uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and  displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real  number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile  motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle  on banked road). UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two  dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid  body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational  motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of  parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with  altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary  satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity,  poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s  theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops,  bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat  capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation,  Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First  law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of  equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path. UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM)  and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential  energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative  ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.  Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and  harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Contents  of  Class  XII  Syllabus

UNIT I: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges;  superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly  charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges:  equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic  field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization,  capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with  and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. UNIT II: Current Electricity
  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric  current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of  resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  •  Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing  mf of two cells;  measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge  in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current  sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.  Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a  magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;  Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations  (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary  facts about their uses.

UNIT VI: Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical  fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens,  combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and  hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of  plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be  omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.  Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect;  binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V  characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener  diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as  an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a  switch.

   CHEMISTRY

Contents of Class XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.
  • Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
  • Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular  formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

UNIT II: Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s  relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for  filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms,  stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii,  ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence  bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and  shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only).  Hydrogen bond.

UNIT  V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of  elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of  gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds  (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

  UNIT  VI : Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H,  Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation  phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
  • Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

UNIT  VII: Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium  constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and  weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts  (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of  loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.

UNIT  IX: Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and  chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure;

UNIT  X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

  • Group I and group 2 elements:
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group,  diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
  • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium  and potassium.
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

UNIT  XI: Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
  • Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,  trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds:  borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
  • General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,  trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical  properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

UNIT  XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature  of organic compounds.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons
  • Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free  radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of  preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and  peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions:  acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties:  mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation;  directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

UNIT  XIV: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric  pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of  environmental pollution.

Contents  of  Class  XII Syllabus (Chemistry)

UNIT  I: Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and  crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit  cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical  and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT  II: Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions,  colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing  point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van  Hoff factor.

UNIT  III: Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with  concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and  Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and  EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

UNIT  IV: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst;  order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for  zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation  energy, Arrhenious equation.

UNIT  V: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and  heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and  suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect,  Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT  VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and  principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT  VII: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and  chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only);  Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 )  and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and  chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms;  compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process  of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and  chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid,  interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties,  uses.

UNIT  VIII: d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first  row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property,  magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its  consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC  nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory  VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

UNIT  X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions.  Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds  only).
  • Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

 UNIT  XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification  of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and  ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic  substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

UNIT  XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical  properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

UNIT  XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,  identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT  XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration,  oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
  • Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure,  tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins- Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

UNIT  XV: Polymers

  • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some  important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable  polymers.

UNIT  XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics,  antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

BIOLOGY

Contents of  Class  XI Syllabus

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species  and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical  gardens.
  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens;  Viruses and Viroids.
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and  Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiospermsclassification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five  salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf,  inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical  Syllabus).
  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and  reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell  envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum,  Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles  (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids;  Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
  • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active  transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata;  Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases  (brief mention).
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;  Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological  nitrogen fixation.
  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in  Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and  photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport  system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth;  Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulatorsauxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

UNIT IV: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones;  Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and  fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and  its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related  to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function;  Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation;  Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart  failure.
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory systemstructure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor,  ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis  and artificial kidney.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle  contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of  muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous  system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary  structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal,  Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as  messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly,  Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

           (Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)

Contents of Class XII Syllabus (Biology)

UNIT I: Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of  reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule,  fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types,  agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis,  parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesisspermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation;  Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need  and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted  reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple  alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of  inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked  inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans;  Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA  packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac  Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative  anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of  evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene  flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia,  common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug  and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal  husbandry.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as  biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

UNIT  IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically  modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT  V: Ecology and environment

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism,  competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy;  Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen  release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of  Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves,  National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion;  Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

 

 

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NEET UG 2014 Exam Date: During May 2014

The notification for NEET UG 2014 shall be announced during December 2014. Candidates can access important dates for NEET UG 2014 during December 2013.

 

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School Education Boards of Class XII& Codes
Sl.BOARDSCODES
1Andhra Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education01
2Assam Higher Secondary Education Council02
3Bihar Intermediate Education Council03
4Central Board of Secondary Education04
5Chhattisgarh Madhyamik Shiksha Mandal05
6Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations06
7Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education07
8Gujarat Secondary Education Board08
9Haryana Board of Education09
10H P Board of School Education10
11J & K State Board of School Education11
12Jharkhand Academy Council12
13Karnataka Board of Pre-University Education13
14Kerala Board of Public Examinations14
15Madhya Pradesh Board of Secondary Education15
16Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education16
17Manipur Council of Higher Secondary Education17
18Meghalaya Board of Secondary Education18
19Mizoram Board of School Education19
20Nagaland Board of School Education20
21Orissa Council of Higher Secondary Education21
22Punjab School Education Board22
23Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education23
24Tamil Nadu Board of Higher Secondary Education24
25Tripura Board of Secondary Education25
26U.P. Board of High School & Intermediate Education26
27Uttaranchal Shiksha Evam Pariksha Parishad27
28West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education28
29National Institute of Open Schooling29
30Other30

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1.1 Eligibility for All India Quota Seats

  • (i) He/She has completed age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL.
  • (ii) The upper age limit for candidates seeking admission under 15% All India Quota Seats is 25 years as on 31st December of the year of the entrance examination. Further provided that this upper age limit shall be relaxed by a period of 5 (five) years for the candidates of Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes. Candidate must born on or between

(a) 01.01.84 to 01.01.97 (SC/ST/OBC Category)
(b) 01.01.89 to 01.01.97 (Other Category)

1.2 Eligibility for State Quota Seats

  • (i) He/She has completed age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL.
  • (ii ) Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) are eligible for admission in Medical/Dental Colleges subject to rules and regulations framed by the respective State Governments and the Government of India.

1.3 Candidates from Andhra Pradesh and J&K

  • (i) Students from the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K are NOT ELIGIBLE for 15% all India quota seats as both these States had opted out of All India Scheme since its inception. If they claim eligibility, they must submit an affidavit, in original,  on non-judicial Stamp Paper of Rs 10/- duly sworn in before and attested by a Metropolitan Magistrate/First Class Judicial Magistrate to the effect that:-

a) They are not eligible to seek admission for MBBS/BDS seats in Medical/ Dental Colleges in the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K.

(b) They are not domiciled in Andhra Pradesh and J&K.

  • (ii) Students from the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K are however eligible for 100% seats for MBBS/BDS seats in Medical/ Dental Colleges in the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K.
  • (iii) Applications not accompanied with the required affidavits   or accompanied with incomplete, unattested or photocopy of the affidavit shall be summarily rejected without any further reference in the matter. The affidavits submitted by such candidates will be verified and if found to be false, the admission of all such candidates shall be cancelled and criminal proceedings may be initiated against them.

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