Lakes in India Badkhal Lake

Lakes in India Badkhal Lake:

Badkhal Lake was a natural lake situated in Badkhal village near Faridabad, in the Indian state of Haryana, about 32 kilometers from Delhi. Fringed by the hills of the Aravalli Range this was a man-made embankment. Owing to unchecked mining in neighbouring areas, the lake has now totally dried up. There are functional Haryana Tourism restaurants in the vicinity. A flower show is held every spring here. Its name is most probably derived from the Persian word bedakhal, which means free from interference. Close to Badkhal Lake, is the Peacock Lake, which is another picturesque spot

This was once a large lake, where boating and other tourist activities took place. Migratory birds also used to visit the lake. As of May 2009, the lake is almost a completely dried up to leave only grassy terrain and the unusually low rainfall in the area has been cited. Certain mines surrounding the lake are also responsible for blocking the flow of water to the lake. A number of mineral water companies have also taken water from the lake for their own purposes.

In January 2010, the lake and the nearby Surajkund was filled up with water in conjunction with 2010 Commonwealth Games, however in March 2014, in a survey report released by the Delhi Parks and Gardens Society (DPGS), under the Government of Delhi’s department of environment, the lake was completely dry and completely dependent on rains for water. The report also revealed 190 of 611 water bodies in Delhi had also gone dry

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Lakes in India Chandra Taal Lake

Lakes in India Chandra Taal Lake:

Chandra Taal
Chandratal.JPG
Chandra Taal
Location Middle Himalaya, Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh,
Coordinates 32.47518°N 77.61706°ECoordinates: 32.47518°N 77.61706°E
Type Sweet Water Lake
Basin countries India
Max. length 1 km (0.62 mi)
Max. width 0.5 km (0.31 mi)
Surface elevation 4,250 m (13,940 ft)
Islands 1

Chandra Taal (meaning the Lake of the Moon), or Chandra Tal is a lake situated in the Spiti part of the Lahul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh (India)

Chandra Taal lake is situated on the Samudra Tapu plateau, which overlooks the Chandra River. The name of the lake originates from its crescent shape. It is situated at an altitude of about 4,300 metres (14,100 ft) in the Himalayas. Mountains of scree overlook the lake on one side, and a cirque encloses it on the other.

Chandra Taal is a tourist destination for trekkers and campers. The lake is accessible on foot from Batal as well as from Kunzum Passfrom late May to early October. There is also a motor road accessible as far as a parking lot 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the lake. The route from Kunzum Pass is accessible only on foot, and it is about 8 km (5.0 mi) from Chandra Taal. Chandra Taal is also accessible from Suraj Tal, 30 km (19 mi) away.

Accommodation is available 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the lake. Vast meadows on the banks of the lake are used as camping sites. During springtime, these meadows are carpeted with hundreds of varieties of wildflowers.

The lake is one of two high-altitude wetlands of India which have been designated as Ramsar sites.

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Lakes in India Suraj Tal Lake

Lakes in India Suraj Tal Lake:

Suraj Taal
Surya taal
SuryaTaal.jpg
Location CB Range, Lahaul Valley, Himachal
Coordinates 32°45′N 77°24′ECoordinates: 32°45′N 77°24′E
Type High altitude Lake
Primary inflows Glacier and Snow melt
Primary outflows Bhaga River
Basin countries Kashmir
Shore length1 4 km (2.5 mi)
Surface elevation 4,883 m (16,020.3 ft)
Frozen During winter
Settlements Patseo and Darcha (mountain hamlets)

Suraj Tal or Suraj Tal Lake also called Surya taal, is a sacred body of water, literally means the Lake of the Sun God, and lies just below the Bara-lacha-la pass (4,890m) (8 km (5.0 mi) in length) in the Lahaul and Spiti valley of Himachal Pradesh state in India and is the third highest lake in India, and the 21st-highest in the world. Suraj Tal Lake is the source of Bhaga River which joins the Chandra River downstream at Tandi to form the Chandrabhaga River in Himachal Pradesh territory, and as it enters Jammu and Kashmir it is renamed as the Chenab River. The Bhaga River (a tributary of the Chandrabhaga or Chenab) originates from Surya taal. The other major tributary of the Chandrabhaga, the Chandra originates from the glacier close to the Chandra Taal lake in the Spitidistrict.

The lake is fed from the glaciers and torrential nullahs (streams) originating from the Bara-lacha-la pass, which is 8 km (5.0 mi) long and is also called the “Pass with crossroads on summit” since roads from Zanskar, Ladakh, Spiti and Lahaul meet at this pass. In addition to the Suraj Tal and the Bhaga River that originates from it, Bara-lacha-la Pass is also the source of the Chandra and Yunan Rivers in the northwest and north, respectively.

The lake is situated in the Upper Himalayan Zone or High Latitudinal Zone part of the Himalayas which has very sparse population with climatic conditions akin to polar conditions. Snowfall in this zone, though scanty, is reported to be spread all round the year. Rainfall precipitation is rare in the region. Snow precipitation from snow storms is reported to be less than 20 cm (7.9 in) of snow in nearly 50% of the storms, even though one observatory in the region has reported 80 cm (31.5 in) of snow fall. The precipitation starts melting from May. Snow on slopes is generally slackly bonded, with wind redistributing it. The average total snowfall recorded in a year is reported to be 12 m (39.4 ft) –15 m (49.2 ft) with temperatures of Highest Max. 13 °C (55.4 °F), Mean Max.0.5 °C (32.9 °F),Mean Minimum minus 11.7 °C (53.1 °F) and Lowest Minimum of minus 27 °C (80.6 °F). The ground in the zone is covered with scree and boulders

The Lake’s geology is represented by the Bara-lacha-la Pass, which is reported to be an early rifting event on the northern Indian passive margin and that the Basalts which are emplaced along the trans–tensional faults indicate that.

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Lakes in India Manimahesh Lake

Lakes in India Manimahesh Lake:

Manimahesh Lake
Manimaheshlake.jpg
Location Manimahesh range, Himachal Pradesh
Coordinates 32°23′42″N 76°38′14″ECoordinates: 32°23′42″N 76°38′14″E
Primary outflows Manimahesh Ganga (tributary of Ravi)
Basin countries India
Surface elevation 4,190 m (13,750 ft)
Frozen October through June

Manimahesh Lake (also known as Dal Lake, Manimahesh) is a high altitude lake (elevation 4,080 metres (13,390 ft)) situated close to the Manimahesh Kailash Peak in the Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas, in the Bharmour subdivision of Chamba district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The religious significance of this lake is next to that of the Lake Manasarovar in Tibet

The lake is the venue of a highly revered pilgrimage trek undertaken during the month of August/September corresponding to the month of Bhadon according to Hindu calendar, on the eighth day of the New Moon period. It is known as the ‘Manimahesh Yatra’. The Government of Himachal Pradesh has declared it as a state-level pilgrimage

The lake, of glacial origin, is in the upper reaches of the Ghoi nala(refer Leomann maps:India Himalaya Map 4) which is tributary of Budhil river, a tributary of the Ravi River in Himachal Pradesh. However, the lake is the source of a tributary of the Budhil River, known as ‘Manimahesh Ganga’. The stream originates from the lake in the form of a fall at Dhancho. The mountain peak is a snow clad tribal glen of Brahamur in the Chamba district of manimahesh range. The highest peak is the Mani Mahesh Kailas, also called ‘Chamba Kailash’ (elevation 5,656 metres or 18,556 ft) overlooking the lake. The lake, considered a glacial depression, is sourced by snow-melt waters from the surrounding hill slopes. Towards the end of June with ice beginning to melt, numerous small streams break up everywhere, which together with the lush green hills and the myriad of flowers give the place a truly remarkable view. The snow field at the base of the mountain is called by the local people as Shiva’s Chaugan Shiva’s playground. According to a belief, Lord Shiva stayed here with his consort Parvati.

Manimahesh is approached from three routes. Pilgrims from Lahaul and Spiti pass through Kugti pass. Pilgrims from Kangra and Mandi take the Karwarsi pass or Jalsu pass via Tyari village, near Holi in Bharmour. The easiest and popular route is from Chamba via Bharmour. The most popular is the Bhanrlour–Hadsar-Manimahesh route which involves a 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) track from Hadsar village to the Manimahesh Lake. The highest altitude touched in this route is 4,115 metres (13,501 ft) and it takes two days with an overnight stay at Dhancho. Season to be undertaken is June to October and it has a gentle grade. The path leading to the lake is well maintained.

Halfway up this track is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) of open and flat meadow land to Dhancho. Tented accommodation is available here during August–September. Night halt is preferred here. Free kitchens are opened by people to feed pilgrims. But many prefer to go and pitch their tents next to the lake to feel a divine experience. En route, there is waterfall at Gauri nallah known as the Dhancho fall. From Dhancho, it is a steep climb. This track has seen lot of improvements over the years. In the past the first climb was first done by crossing Dhancho nalla. It was so tough that people used to crawl to get across. Since they used to crawl like a monkey in this stretch it was known as ‘Bandar Ghati’ (monkey valley). Now this track is much improved and the newly constructed path is used. However, some still prefer to take the old route as an adventure and go through the Bandar Ghati.

In the past, on the trek from Dhancho, the bridge over the Mani Mahesh river was crossed to reach the left bank of the valley. After 2 kilometres (1.2 mi), the river was again crossed, over another wooden bridge, to the right bank.

From this point, the climb passes through many zigzag paths along flowered meadows. Birch trees are seen in the vicinity, which indicates a gain in altitude as the trek proceeds. Along this stretch of the trek route, there are a number community kitchens (eateries) at about 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) elevation. From this location, the trail to Mani Mahesh Lake could be discerned. The waterfall, flowing from the lake, is also seen at this stage. A further trek of 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) through the grassy ridges leads to the Manimahesh Lake.

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Lakes in India Seruvalsar Lake

Lakes in India Seruvalsar Lake:

The state of Himachal Pradesh was known as the home of the Gods, or ‘Devabhoomi’ from very early years. The Himalayan ranges with its impressive heights, air of spiritual tranquility and great scenic beauty, seem to be the natural home to the Gods. The state of Himachal Pradesh is full of high ranges and isolated valleys, and various different types of architecture in the temples.

There are over two thousand temples spread across the state of Himachal Pradesh. Most of the temples in Himachal Pradesh are important places of pilgrimage and every year thousands of pilgrims as well as tourists flock this place.

There are also temples which resembles Sikh Gurudwaras and Buddhist Gompas. The lakes also play a major role in adding to the scenic beauty of the already beautiful state. Most of the lakes in Himachal Pradesh are located around the temples in the state, and hence derives an importance for being considered as holy.

About Seruvalsar Lake:

In the state of Himachal Pradesh, the perennial rivers are the sources of some of the most beautiful lakes in the state as well as India. These beautiful lakes are fed by the ice cold waters of the melting snow from the highest of the peaks of the lofty mountains. The icy water of these lakes is considered as life-giving to the exhausted and weary travelers on their way and also after reaching. Because of the association of the lakes with the religious places in the state, it is believed that the lakes in Himachal Pradesh provide a sense of spiritual blissfulness to the travelers.

The Seruvalsar Lake is placed in the state of Himachal Pradesh in the district of Kullu. The Seruvalsar Lake in Himachal Pradesh is positioned at a high altitude and is 3,100 meters above the sea level. The Seruvalsar Lake in Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by a very dense forest cover, which enhances the beauty of the lake to a great extent. The beauty of the Seruvalsar Lake makes it an important spot of tourist attraction in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

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Lakes in India Rewalsar Lake

Lakes in India Rewalsar Lake:

Rewalsar Lake
Rewalsar Lake, Mandi.jpg
Location Mandi district
Coordinates 31.63389°N 76.83333°ECoordinates: 31.63389°N 76.83333°E
Type Mid altitude lake
Basin countries India
Shore length1 735 m (2,411 ft)
Surface elevation 1,360 m (4,460 ft)

Rewalsar Lake is a mid-altitude lake located on a mountain spur in the Mandi district, 22.5 km south-west from Mandi, in India. Its elevation is about 1,360 m above sea level.

The lake is shaped like a square with the shoreline of about 735 m. It is held as a sacred spot for Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists.[1][2]

Shrine to Mandarava in cave above Lake Rewalsar.

There are three Buddhist monasteries at Riwalsar. The lake also has three Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Krishna, Lord Shiva and to the sage Lomas. Another holy lake, Kunt Bhyog which is about 1,750 m above sea level lies above Rewalsar. It is associated with the escape of ‘Pandavas’ from the burning palace of wax—an episode from the epic Mahabharata.

It was from here that the Indian teacher and ‘Tantric’ Padmasambhava left for Tibet. Known to the Tibetans as ‘Guru Rinpoche’, the Precious Master, it was under Padmasambhava’s influence that Mahayana Buddhism spread over Tibet. There are islands of floating reed on Rewalsar lake and the spirit of Padmasambhava is said to reside in them. It is here that the sage Lomas did penance in devotion to Lord Shiva, and the Sikh guru Gobind Singh (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708), the tenth Guru of Sikhism, also resided here for one month.

The Sisu fair held in late February/early march, and the festival of Baisakhi are important events at Rewalsar

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Lakes in India Renuka Lake

Lakes in India Renuka Lake:

Renuka Lake
Renuka Lake, Himachal Pradesh.JPG

Renuka Lake, Himachal Pradesh
Location Sirmaur district, Himachal Pradesh
Coordinates 30°36′36″N 77°27′30″ECoordinates: 30°36′36″N 77°27′30″E
Lake type Low altitude lake
Basin countries India
Shore length1 3,214 m (10,545 ft)
Surface elevation 672 m (2,205 ft)

Renuka lake is in the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh in India and it is 672 m above the sea level. It is the largest lake in Himachal Pradesh, with a circumference of about 3214 m. This lake was named after the goddess Renuka. It is well connected by the road. Boating is available on the lake. A lion safari and a zoo are there at Renuka. It is the site of an annual fair held in November. It is designated as Ramsar site since November 2005. Renuka ji

On the eve of Prabodhini Ekadashi, the Five day long International level Shri Renuka Ji fair begins with the arrival of son Lord Parshuram at Shri Renuka Ji the Lake in Himachal, the home of his divine mother Shri Renuka Ji. During five day fair several lakhs of devotees from all over the country arrives here to witness the holy occasion of divine meeting of Lord Parshum &his mother Renuka Ji .

According to Puranas, the Renuka Tirth is considered as birthplace of Lord Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Maharish Jamdagni and his wife Bhagwati Renuka Ji had meditated for long time at a hillock known as Tape Ka Tiba near Renuka lake. With the blessings of Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu fulfilled divine promise and took birth as their son. Sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu and son of Renuka Ji pleased Lord Shiva with the performation of Tapa [high intensity meditation] got a new name Parshuram after getting divine weapon Parshu from Lord Shiva. He has been referred every where in the Shashtras with the popular name Parshuram and not his childhood name Ram [as per Brahmand Puran], which he got from his parents.

He always supported the cause of good governance where worries of every citizen are addressed judiciously by the rulers. To get people rid of atrocities of cruel rulers Lord Parshuram eliminated 21 times, cruel and atrocious rulers from the earth. He also killed King Sahastrabahu and his Army as King had attacked Tape ka Tiba Ashram in his absence, to get the Kamdhenu cow from Maharishi. After Maharishi pleaded that the Kamdhenu Cow was given him by Lord Indra in trust and he can not breach the trust by passing it to someone else. Shastrabahu killed Maharishi Jamdagni. Lord Parshurams mother Bhagwati Renuka Ji jumped in the Ram Sarovar and took Jal Samadhi. Purans narrates that Ram Sarovar immediately took the shape of a lady and since then it is known as Renuka Ji Lake.

After eliminating Sahashtrabahu in fierce battle he gave a new life to his father with his divine powers and came on the bank of the Lake and prayed his mother to come out of the Lake. Mother responded to his prayers and lord vowed in her feet. She said that she will permanently live in the Lake, but on the request of Lord Parshuram she promised that she will come out of the Lake on the occasion of Devprabodhini Ekadashi every year to meet her son. Bhagwati also promised that people gracing this pious occasion of mothers affection and sons devotion, would be showered with divine blessings .

One day advance, on Dashmi the palanquin of Lord Parshuram is brought to Renuka Ji from the ancient temple in Jamu Koti village in traditional procession known a ‘Shobha Yatra’, attended by lakhs of devotees.

Saints from every part of country come at Renuka Ji to witness holy and divine assembly of mother and son. The administration has made all the necessary arrangements for peaceful holding the fair. Elaborate security arrangements are made keeping view on terrorist activities.

Sanctuary

The sanctuary is situated in Sirmour district in Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary is well connected by the network of motorable roads. The total area of the sanctuary is about 4.028 km². The entire sanctuary consists of Renuka Reserve Forest and has been declared as Abhayaranya. An area of roughly about 3 km² that lies outside the sanctuary has been declared as a buffer belt.

The sanctuary falls in the biogeographical zone IV and biogeographical province IV as per the classification done by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII). According to forest types classification, the area falls under group 5B/C2, i.e., dry mixed deciduous forest and group 5/051, i.e., dry sal forest.

Threats

The lake is threatened by continuously shrinking size. The silt which is being deposited in the lake is causing a worry to the locals and the administration. The main cause of this is the soil being deposited on the banks, with the rain water and landslides in the nearby mountains. Also the waste of construction material is being dumped into the lake for years, which is a big threat to the environment. Administration and Renuka Vikas Smiti is trying its best to protect the lake. Plastic bags are banned in the entire region.

If correct steps are not taken to save the lake timely, it will affect environment and also the business of the locals, which depends upon tourism, attracted by the lake

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Lakes in India Prashar Lake

Lakes in India Prashar Lake:

Prashar Lake
Parashar Lake

Prashar Lake
Location Mandi district
Coordinates 31.75426°N 77.10141°ECoordinates: 31.75426°N 77.10141°E
Type Holomictic
Primary inflows Rain water, Glaciel runoff
Primary outflows Evaporation
Basin countries India
Surface elevation 2,730 m (8,960 ft)

Prashar Lake lies 49 km north of Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India, with a three storied pagoda-like temple dedicated to the sage Prashar. The lake is located at a height of 2730 m above sea level. With deep blue waters, the lake is held sacred to the sage Prashar and he is regarded to have meditated there. Surrounded by snow-capped peaks and looking down on the fast flowing river Beas, the lake can be approached via Drang.

The temple was built in the thirteenth century and legend has it was built by a baby from a single tree. The lake has a floating island in it and it is said to be unclear how deep it is, with a diver not being able to determine its depth.

Mythology says that this lake was formed by Pandawas when they were on their way after Mahabharata with Deity Kamrunag (based on which this entire valley is known as Kamru Valley today) to find best place for their teacher, Dev Kamrunag and Deity love the isolation of this place so much that he decided to stay here for the rest of his life. On his request, Bheem one of the Pandava brothers formed the lake by pushing his elbow and forearm on the peak of the mountain. And that is the reason believed by locals after oval-shaped lake with depth unknown. Many a time in storms an almost 30-meter-tall cedar tree would fall into the lake to disappear.

Today people from all faiths come here. As an offering people throw money, silver coins and gold into the water. This place is available for visitors throughout the year except for winter months, i.e. Dec. through March. Now with increased visitors there are few hotels available with basic facilities with reasonable price. 03 hrs (106 km) trek from Rohanda to Kamrunag Lake. The place is full of peace, with old images of Gods and Saint Prashar. The unique thing about this lake is that there is a patch of grass which moves from one end to the other. In the summer it is at one end and in winter it touches the other end. The pujari or the priest of the temple is not a brahmin but a Rajput. They say one of the kings was unhappy with the local priest so he appointed a Rajput priest to display his powers. Parson Temple

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Lakes in India Pandoh Lake

Lakes in India Pandoh Lake:

Region: 88 Kms from Manali, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India
Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit is from April to July and September to December

Himachal Pradesh has been a popular retreat for generations of British officials, and later, scores of city-dwellers. Think of Himachal Pradesh and visualize luscious alpine forest, gigantic mountains and sparkling serene lakes. There are endless destinations in this vivacious land which tourist can’t afford to miss; one such place is Pandoh Lake. The deep blue lake is a delight for all the photographers.

The major source of lake water is Pandoh dam which helps in diverting the river for power generation. Pandon Lake acts as a basin for Pandoh dam and comes under the administration of Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB). Pandoh Lake is a major attraction for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts.

If tourists are looking for some enthralling experience then they should go camping or white water rafting at Pandoh Lake. The breath-taking view of the rising waves in the river Beas is always an amazing sight to behold for experienced and inexperienced rafters. The bank of the lake is an ideal destination for camping as well.

The man-made picturesque Pandoh Lake in the foothills of mountain ranges is an idyllic place for a secret communion with nature. With its vast expanse of pastured meadows, this popular spot is perfect for walks, boating and lazy picnics.

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Lakes in India Nako Lake

Lakes in India Nako Lake:

Nako Lake
Nako Lake and Nako Village, Himachal Pradesh.jpg
Location Kinnaur district
Coordinates 31.879639°N 78.627632°ECoordinates: 31.879639°N 78.627632°E
Type High altitude lake
Basin countries India
Surface elevation 3,662 m (12,010 ft)

Nako Lake is a high altitude lake in the Pooh sub-division of the Kinnaur district. It forms part of the boundary of Nako village and seems that the village is half buried in the lake’s border. It is about 3,662 metres (12,014 ft) above sea level. The lake is surrounded by willow and poplar trees. Near the lake there are four Buddhist temples. Near this place there is a footlike impression ascribed to the saint Padmasambhava. Several miles away there is a village called Tashigang around which there are several caves where it is believed that Guru Padmasambhava meditated and gave discourse to followers. There is a waterfall nearby which has snow water falling like a river of milk. Legend says that it is a heavenly realm of fairies. In one of the caves you are still able to see the live footprints of these fairies or other demigods. It is a sacred place for the people of these valleys. Followers come from as far a place as Ladhak and spiti valley.

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